After the closure of the Italian embassy in Kabul and its transfer to Qatar, “we are also reflecting on the creation of a joint presence in Afghanistan – a nucleus made up of officials from several countries under the umbrella of the European Union or, possibly, of the United Nations – with predominantly consular functions and serving as an immediate point of contact “. This was stated by the Foreign Minister, Luigi Di Maio, during the briefing to the Senate on the situation in Afghanistan. “This would be an innovative solution, for which effective preventive coordination will be required, both for the safety aspects and for the need to define a clear mandate”, added Di Maio. The Farnesina holder therefore highlighted that the transfer of the embassy to Doha is “an effective option, because it allows contacts with potential interlocutors in Afghanistan, with the countries of the area and with our partners who have already deployed their representative points responsible for Afghanistan “. Di Maio specified that the actions of the Taliban will be measured with respect to five parameters: the repudiation of terrorism and cooperation in the fight against drug trafficking, respect for human rights, in particular for women and minorities, the establishment of an inclusive and representative government , the guarantee of unconditional and safe humanitarian access for international organizations and compliance with the commitment undertaken to ensure free passage for those who intend to leave the country. “These are concepts that are widely shared also in the countries I have visited in recent days. Of course what we are seeing in Afghanistan is not at all encouraging”, Di Maio specified, adding that “the attacks of 26 August at the international airport of Kabul – with their heavy death toll and injuries – testify that terrorism represents a concrete and immediate threat. In addition to Isis Khorasan, which claimed responsibility for the attacks, extremist groups affiliated with Al Qaeda operate in the country, with which the Taliban sometimes maintain a ambiguous approach “. “We must prevent the risk that the Afghan crisis has a negative, destabilizing impact on neighboring countries, with implications that could go well beyond the regional dimension. I am referring, first of all, to the fight against terrorism”, explained Di Maio. then reiterated that “Italy will continue to help Afghans who intend to leave the country and are entitled to it”, underlining that “operations will naturally have to be conducted in a different way, given the definitive departure of the military contingents and the closure, at present , of our embassy in Kabul “. In this context, “we are moving on several fronts – said the head of the Farnesina, fresh from a mission in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Qatar and Pakistan – On the one hand, we are working with the countries that will collaborate for the future management of the airport of Kabul, in particular Qatar and Turkey. The Qatari Foreign Minister updated me on the technical assistance provided to restore operations at the airport. Domestic flights have already been restarted for a few days. The minister has also shown confidence in the restoration the security conditions of the airport “. “On the other hand, we are interacting with neighboring countries to identify humanitarian routes, which allow expatriation for those arriving from Afghanistan by land”, said Di Maio.
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