Nord Stream 2 PipelineEuropa PressOperated by Nord Stream AG, the pipelines have been the subject of dispute in recent months over unjustified gas cutoffs from RussiaNord Stream 1 stretches from the western Russian coast to northeastern Germany, transporting up to 170 million m³ of gas dailyNord Stream 2 was built with the aim of doubling transport capacity to 110,000 million cubic meters of gas per yearThe Nord Stream gas pipeline, built in 2010, consists of two parallel branches of 1,224 kilometers and a total capacity of 55 million m³. The gas pipeline runs from the western Russian coast, near St. Petersburg, to northeastern Germany, transporting up to 170 million cubic meters of gas daily, although in summer it has operated at only 20% of its capacity. The construction of Nord Stream 2 was carried out later, between 2018 and 2021. It extends over 1,230 kilometers and its construction, parallel to the first gas pipeline, was carried out with the aim of doubling the transport capacity up to the 110,000 million cubic meters of gas per year between Russia and Germany. Operated by Nord Stream AG, whose majority shareholder is Gazprom, Russia’s largest state company, the pipelines have been the subject of dispute in recent months due to unjustified gas cuts coming from Russia, something that the European Union has interpreted as a punishment for the sanctions imposed on Moscow after the invasion of Ukraine. The European Union as a whole and Germany in particular are highly dependent on Russian gas. And while they are moving quickly to find alternatives, energy remains an area of vulnerability.