Six months of work, dozens of hours of auditions and an analysis of the main pornographic content online today. For the first time in parliamentary history, a Senate information report examines the practices of the pornographic industry. It is presented, Wednesday, September 28, by senators Alexandra Borchio-Fontimp (Les Républicains), Laurence Cohen (Communist), Laurence Rossignol (Socialist) and Annick Billon (Centrist Union). “Complément d’Enquête”, whose September 29 program is devoted to violence against women in this environment, was able to consult this document of nearly 150 pages. Entitled “Porn: the hell of the decor”, it is part of an unprecedented legal context: for the first time in France, two actors in the sector, French Bukkake and Jacquie and Michel, are in the sights of justice, in particular for “group rape, aggravated trafficking in human beings and aggravated procuring”. After the “testing” hearings of the victims in these two cases, which reveal a “porosity between pimping, prostitution and pornography”, the authors wondered: should we move towards a ban on “any non-simulated representation of sexual acts screen”? “We did not choose this abolitionist path because this market is so opaque and constantly changing that it is impossible to ban it, explains franceinfo Annick Billon. But we dare to ask people to open their eyes. I am convinced that this report is a bomb.” Here is what he proposes, in 23 recommendations. Bringing pornographic violence and its consequences into the public arena Findings. The pornography industry “generates systemic violence against women”, whether actresses or those who “undergo a sexuality modeled on the norms of violence conveyed by porn”, notes the mission. It is therefore urgent to make it a “priority” in the public debate. With the massification of the pornographic offer since the mid-2000s, consumption has exploded, leading to a phenomenon of addiction and increasingly “trash” content. According to several studies cited in the report, 90% of pornographic scenes involve violence, physical and verbal, and convey “misogynistic, racist, lesbophobic and hypersexualized stereotypes”. During her hearing by the parliamentary delegation, Laure Beccuau, public prosecutor at the Paris public prosecutor’s office, established a link between the fight against this industry and that against domestic violence. “We will never move forward in the fight against domestic violence and feminicide if we do not reverse the trend in terms of pornography.” Senator Annick Billon at franceinfo The recommendations. The report calls for “the conditions under which most pornographic shootings take place to be known to everyone”, especially consumers, who must be “informed of the sordid undersides of this predatory industry”. Parents must also be “fully aware” that their children “will be confronted, during their minority, voluntarily or not, repeatedly, intensively or episodically, with violent pornographic content”. Strengthen the judicial arsenal to better protect actresses The observation. The hearings confirmed it: recruiters in the pornography world target young, even very young, precarious and psychologically fragile women. “The modus operandi is always the same: it consists in raping the first time to subjugate the victims”, describes lawyer Lorraine Questiaux, heard by the delegation. The establishment, by rare professionals, of more regulatory employment contracts, which detail the accepted sexual practices, is a “cosmetic” and insufficient measure according to the authors, “given the nature, by nature, reversible at any time of the consent in sexual matter”. But the idea that the consent of the actresses is acquired has a hard life. “Why did you have to hear things like, ‘You understand, Miss Bellucci, what you’re describing are the hazards of the job and you signed up for that’?” Nikita Bellucci, actress, director and producer of pornographic content in front of the Les recommendations delegation. For Senator Annick Billon, we “must change software, as we did for marital rape. Yes, there are rapes in porn, everyone must integrate it, starting with the victims and the police who hear them.” The Senate hopes that the ongoing judicial information will pave the way for a #MeToo in pornography, encouraging other victims to press charges. The report recommends training the police to collect these specific complaints and to establish the follow-up of their file by a single contact. He calls on the executive to give more resources to the investigators and magistrates responsible for these investigations to “absorb the growing number of potential files”, as prosecutor Laure Beccuau pointed out during her hearing. The authors also want to “make sexual violence committed in the context of pornography an offense of incitement to a criminal offence”. Facilitate the deletion of online videos for the “right to be forgotten” The report. Once online and duplicated on broadcast platforms, the videos are almost impossible to remove, preventing actresses from exercising their “right to be forgotten”, laments the report. This is particularly true in amateur porn, where producers “urge women to sign unlimited image rights contracts”. If they then claim a withdrawal, they ask them between 3,000 and 5,000 euros, ten times more than the remuneration obtained for the scene shot. In the French Bukkake case, the producers had assured that the scenes filmed were “for private” or “not broadcast in France”. Civil parties have told how the non-consented dissemination of their videos on websites accessible from France had turned their lives upside down. “It’s been six years since I suffered all these rapes and it continues because it’s on the internet. I am raped every day, every time these videos are viewed.” A civil party in the French Bukkake case before the delegation The recommendations. The senators believe that it is necessary “to impose on broadcasters, platforms such as social networks, fines for any dissemination of illegal content”. They also encourage authorities to “create a ‘sexual violence’ category in reports [sur la plateforme] Pharos in order to facilitate and better count reports”. Apply (finally) the law to prohibit minors’ access to pornography The report. The authors denounce “massive, trivialized and toxic consumption” of pornography among children and adolescents The figures cited in the report are instructive: Of the 19.3 million unique visitors who visit a pornographic site each month, 2.3 million are under the age of 18. Two-thirds of children under 15 and one third of children under the age of 12 have already had access to pornographic images.The first exposure can occur as early as primary school.The consequences are multiple: trauma, sleep disorders, attention and eating disorders, distorted vision and violence of sexuality… The Penal Code however prohibits any dissemination of pornographic content likely to be seen by a minor. But legal remedies do not lead to the blocking of sites, regret the se swimmers. “Giving children porn images in the street is an offense punishable by prison, but doing it without any control or limitation is possible on the web.” Gynecologist Israel Nisand in front of the delegation Recommendations. Currently, the Audiovisual and Digital Communication Regulatory Authority (Arcom, ex-CSA) does not have a free hand to directly sanction sites accessible to minors. It must proceed by bailiff and issue formal notices. The report recommends swearing in its agents so that they can see the offenses themselves and allow Arcom to pronounce an administrative sanction with dissuasive amounts, as is already done in the fight against online hate. The other action lever is the verification of the age of Internet users. The senators insist on the urgency of finding satisfactory technical solutions to verify their identity while protecting personal data. Today, no method is completely reliable. In the meantime, the mission calls for parental control to be activated by default when a telephone subscription is taken out for a minor. Betting on prevention by giving resources to National Education The observation. “If children wish to access pornographic content, it is first of all because they are asking questions about sexuality”, observed before the delegation Olivier Gérard, of the National Union of Family Associations (Unaf). However, the three annual sessions of education in emotional and sexual life, provided for by law since 2001, are not applied, notes the report. Parents are not better equipped or informed. According to a study carried out by the Observatory of parenting and digital education (Open) and Unaf, a quarter of them do not consider that there is a risk of exposure to pornography in space. digital. The recommendations. The senators demand an annual evaluation of the application of the law in each academy, with the appointment of a delegate. And plead that in these sessions, “subjects relating to the commodification of bodies and pornography” be addressed. “A health approach seems more effective with adolescents than a moralizing or guilt-inducing approach,” note the senators. For this, they highlight the need to recruit trained health professionals: “National Education has only 7,700 nurses for 62,000 school sites and 13 million students. It is too few.” Finally, the mission considers it useful to raise parents’ awareness by conducting a communication campaign around the jeprotegemonenfant.gouv.fr platform.