One denies psychological violence, the other admitted a slap: the accusations of domestic violence targeting Julien Bayou and Adrien Quatennens are making headlines. But how is this notion defined and what do their authors risk? An admitted slap for Adrien Quatennens, alleged psychological violence for Julien Bayou: accusations of domestic violence have recently sidelined two heavyweights from Nupes. The accusations made against them, acknowledged or denied, have aroused the indignation of certain political actors, and uneasiness within the parties concerned. “A slap is never acceptable, but a slap is not equal to a man who beats his wife every day,” said Manuel Bompard, quoted by TF1, calling for action after the Quatennens affair. Remarks which aroused the anger of the ecologist Sandrine Rousseau and the Minister responsible for equality between women and men Isabelle Rome, accusing her respectively of “minimizing the acts” and “trivializing the violence”. A question of influence But where does domestic violence begin? For Johanna Dagorn, sociologist at the University of Bordeaux, interviewed by France Info, they “start when one of the two intentionally seeks to have power over the other by different means”. “It is a notion which is above all social and which does not appear in the Penal Code, abounds the historian of law, Victoria Vanneau, with our colleagues. It only allows us to identify the facts that we have in front of us. of oneself when one is a magistrate or a lawyer”. According to the government website service-public, domestic violence takes many forms. It can be “psychological violence (moral harassment, insults, threats), physical (blows and injuries), sexual (rape, fondling) or economic (deprivation of financial resources and continued dependency”. “A single act such as repeated” “There is domestic violence when the victim and the perpetrator are in a romantic relationship, can we also read on the government site. They can be married, cohabiting or in a civil partnership. The facts are also punished, even if the couple is divorced, separated or has broken his PACS.” But how are the facts of domestic violence assessed before a judge when a procedure is initiated? “In law, what is called domestic violence can relate to voluntary violence, moral harassment, insults, death threats … It can be a single act as well as repeated”, advance on France Info Audrey Darsonville, professor of criminal law at the University of Paris Nanterre. What sanctions? function, saints ions are staggered. According to the French administration, in the event of physical violence, the maximum penalty incurred is 5 years in prison and a fine of €75,000. It can be multiplied by two if the acts are qualified as usual. In the event of violence leading to death, the required sentence may be 20 years, or even 30 years in the event of repeated violence. When psychological violence is observed within a couple, the sanctions can go up to 3 years in prison and a fine of 45,000 euros for the spouse found guilty. Finally, in the event of sexual assault, the perpetrator faces 7 years’ imprisonment and a fine of €100,000. A sentence that climbs to 20 years in the event of rape.