After almost eight months of “special military operation” in Ukraine led by Russia, the conflict is at a turning point. Vladimir Putin’s official speech on Wednesday announcing the partial mobilization of 300,000 reservists and accusing the West of wanting to “destroy” Russia marked the rise in tension. The organization of “referendums” for the annexation of the Ukrainian regions occupied by the Russian army, namely Lugansk, Donetsk, Kherson and Zaporozhye, announced on Tuesday, also constitutes an escalation of the conflict, especially since Vladimir Putin has agitated in addition the threat of nuclear strikes to defend what it considers to be its territory. At the same time, Russia also found itself in the dock at the UN Security Council, where US Secretary of State Antony Blinken led the charge on Thursday, during a meeting attended by his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov. Here is a point in four infographics on this week of tensions, ending this Friday, the 212th day of conflict, on the accusations of the UN. Far from the usual cautious wording, investigators from the organization have accused Moscow of having committed a “considerable number” of war crimes in the first weeks after the Russian invasion. of Ukrainian territory in 2013 under Ukrainian control or sos control of Russian and pro-Russian forces, since the start of the conflict on February 24, 2022 – Laurence SAUBADU, Frédéric BOURGEAIS, Patricio ARANA, Valentin RAKOVSKY / AFPAfter the dazzling Ukrainian counter-offensive at the start September, recapturing the Kharkiv region in the northeast, and which Kyiv continued towards Lugansk, Donetsk and Kherson, Kyiv claimed further advances by its army in the east of the country on Friday. Ukraine announced the taken from Yatskivka on the eastern bank of the Oskil River in the Donetsk region (east). This victory seems to confirm the continuation of a counter-offensive which has already enabled kyiv to retake several thousand square kilometers in the neighboring region of Kharkiv, as this infographic shows. And “the Ukrainians have also restored their control over positions south of Bakhmout”, a key city in the Donetsk region targeted for weeks by Russian attacks, Oleksiï Gromov, a senior staff official, told television. Ukrainian military. Finally, in the Lugansk region, Andrei Marochko, representative of the pro-Russian military, reported this week on Ukrainian bombardments, noting that the forces of kyiv “want to do everything to derail the referendum”. on its reservistsInfographic representing the Russian military personnel deployed in Ukraine, the reservists soon to be mobilized as well as the Russian military losses according to Russia and according to Ukraine. – Sophie RAMIS, Pierre HARDY / AFP“It’s not a bluff. “Vladimir Poutine wanted to strike the spirits at the time of a televised intervention diffused Wednesday morning. Forced to retreat in the face of Ukrainian counter-offensives, the Russian president chose to bet on an escalation of the conflict by waving nuclear force but also by announcing the signing of a decree authorizing a “partial mobilization” of the population. This announcement comes on top of the decree signed on August 25 aimed at increasing the number of soldiers in the Russian army by 10% on January 1, 2023. Thus, 300,000 reservists are called up to serve, according to Sergei Shoigu, Russian Minister of Defense. Defense. A huge extra volume for the Moscow troops who interrogate. In the wake of this announcement, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky urged the Russians on Thursday to “protest” against this mobilization. “55,000 Russian soldiers have been killed in this war in six months (…) Do you want more? Nope ? So protest! Fight! Run away ! Or go to the Ukrainian army, he launched in Russian in his traditional video address. These are your options for surviving. »Uncompromising annexation “referendums”Map showing the regions in which Moscow is holding referenda from September 23 to 27. – Sophie RAMIS, Emmanuelle MICHEL / AFP “Referendums” of annexation by Russia began on Friday in regions of Ukraine controlled entirely or in part by Moscow, elections described as “simulacra” by kyiv and the West. The votes, which began at 7 a.m., will end on September 27 in the separatist regions of Donetsk and Lugansk (east), and in areas under Russian occupation in the regions of Kherson and Zaporozhye (south). in an emergency this week against a backdrop of Ukrainian military successes, is notably door-to-door, with pro-Russian officials going to buildings with mobile ballot boxes to get the population to vote, according to Russian media images. The authorities claimed that it was a security measure. Organized in haste, these referendums were denounced by the Ukrainian government and its Western supporters, Moscow wanting to take control of whole sections of Ukraine, like the Crimean peninsula (south) in 2014. Even China, Moscow’s closest partner, called for respect for territorial integrity. increase in the price of vegetables in Europe due in particular to the war in Ukraine, which is disrupting world markets and supply – Laurence SAUBADU, Julia Han JANICKI, Pierre HARDY / AFPThe prices of bread, energy or vegetables are increasing… . explode. And on Tuesday, UN Secretary-General Antonion Guterres warned world leaders of the risk of “a winter of global discontent” due to the multiple crises besetting humanity, including war. in Ukraine. Americans and Europeans organized a ministerial meeting on food security on Tuesday, a consequence of this war from which the whole planet is suffering. And after the Secretary General, for several days, dozens of Heads of State and Government from all over the world took the floor during this 77th General Assembly of the United Nations, an annual diplomatic high mass. Ukraine remained at the heart of the debates, with in particular an intervention on Wednesday by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky. Before Antonio Guterres took the floor again on Thursday to call for an investigation into the “catalogue of cruelties” taking place in Ukraine and the foreign ministers of the UN Security Council demanded the following day that Russia return accounts for its invasion of Ukraine, ahead of their Russian counterpart. A Sergei Lavrov who generally snubbed them.
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