“Unfortunately these protests will be crushed and many young Iranians will end up being arrested, tortured and killed”. Marina Nemat, the author of ‘Prisoner of Tehran’ and ‘After Tehran, has no illusions. Story of a rebirth, which from Canada observes in an interview with Aki-Adnkronos International the new wave of protests in her country of origin, from which she fled in the early 90s after experiencing torture in the notorious Evin Prison. For six consecutive days, unrest and protests have been shaking the main cities of Iran, including the capital Tehran. It was triggered by the death, in circumstances still to be clarified, of the 22-year-old of Kurdish origin Mahsa Amini, who ended up in a coma while in the custody of the Iranian religious police. “Iran has been under a rigid and fanatical religious autocracy since 1979 and, over the years, the frustrations of those who do not support the regime, the number of which is increasing, have multiplied,” explains the writer. 1980s, “when I was locked up in Evin prison”, Iran used “the excuse” of the war with Iraq to “brutally suppress any protest and imprison, torture and even execute dissidents, many of them in their twenties,” he recalls Nemat, according to whom the so-called ‘imposed war’ – as defined in Iranian rhetoric – has given the ayatollahs “the opportunity to internally strengthen their iron fist and accuse all his critics of colluding with Saddam Hussein”. Since then, Iran has experienced several moments of popular protests, the most striking of which was the 2009 Green Wave revolt against the re-election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, which “have all been silenced with brutality and murder”. And while “the regime and the Guardians of the Revolution” remain “extremely corrupt” and “get rich”, the skyrocketing inflation, with which the country has been fighting for years, has ensured that middle and lower class Iranians always find more difficulty in “putting food on the table”. It is enough to combine this economic picture with women and young people who are “beaten and even killed” for protesting or simply for being “immoral” and “there will be greater public disillusionment, which leads to more protests”, highlights the writer. that “although I would like these demonstrations to soon lead to the end of the Islamic Republic, I strongly doubt that they will succeed. Iran – he argues – is a very divided country and these protests do not have a clear leader. Most of the demonstrators want the Islamic Republic collapses, but what will take its place? Who will guide Iran towards a better future and what will this future be like in practical terms? These questions still have no answers. ” has changed greatly from the reformist presidency of Hassan Rohani to the current one of conservative Ebrahim Raisi. “Iranian presidents have limited powers. Their decisions may be vetoed by the Supreme Leader. Rohani has granted people some very limited and superficial freedoms and Raisi has taken them away. Nothing new – he concludes – The system of the Islamic Republic is one of authoritarian nature according to its medieval laws “.
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