Published on: 09/22/2022 – 09:08 Emmanuel Macron inaugurates Thursday, off Saint-Nazaire, the very first French wind farm at sea, whose deployment he intends to accelerate in the face of the energy crisis. The president has set the goal of fifty parks by 2050. “This is the beginning of the road, a first step towards the massive development of renewable energies”, assures the Elysée. Emmanuel Macron inaugurates, Thursday, September 22, the first offshore wind farm in France. war in Ukraine, and reduce the country’s big delay in renewable energies compared to its neighbors. The Head of State will go by boat in the morning to the site of 80 wind turbines, deployed 12 to 20 km from the coast of the Pouliguen and Le Croisic, off Saint-Nazaire. The park, operated by EDF, will be fully commissioned by the end of the year. It will then display a power of 480 megawatts capable of supplying 700,000 people. Emmanuel Macron will also visit the Chantiers de l’Atlantique, in Saint-Nazaire, where the wind turbines are assembled before their installation at sea. He will specify the main axes of the project. bill to “accelerate renewable energies”, which will be presented to the Council of Ministers on Monday.>> Read also: renewable energies: France wants to catch up on offshore wind powerThe text aims to shorten the deadlines for carrying out projects by simplifying administrative procedures and limiting the time taken to examine appeals filed by environmental defenders, fishermen and local residents. Seven wind farms awardedToday, it takes an average of ten years for an offshore site to enters service in France – compared to five in Germany, six in the United Kingdom. For onshore wind, it’s seven years – twice as long as in Spain or Germany – and photovoltaics is hardly better off. With this project, Emmanuel Macron intends to give pledges to the left and to environmentalists , while at the same time emphasizing pensions or unemployment insurance in the direction of the right. Examination of the text, however, promises to be difficult in the National Assembly, in the absence of an absolute majority and faced with an extreme right and certain right-wing elected officials standing up against wind power. The subject had already invited itself into the presidential campaign, the RN candidate Marine Le Pen calling for the halting of projects and the gradual dismantling of existing sites. On February 10 in Belfort, Emmanuel Macron opted for offshore wind power, with a target of around fifty parks by 2050 for a capacity of 40 gigawatts. To date, seven parks have been awarded to operators: after Saint-Nazaire, construction began in Brittany at Saint-Brieuc, subject to friction with fishermen, and in Normandy at Courseulles-sur-Mer and Fécamp. Subsequently, other calls for tenders were launched, including two in the Mediterranean. In Oléron, appeals have been filed to push the project further offshore. The Head of State, on the other hand, has put the brakes on onshore wind power, with a doubling of the current capacity no longer over 10 but 30 years. He also announced the revival of nuclear power with the construction of six EPR2 reactors by 2035, and a tenfold increase in installed solar power by 2050. course set in Belfort is more urgent” than ever since the outbreak of the war in Ukraine on February 24 and in the face of the increasingly tangible damage of climate change, insists the Elysee. Several NGOs, including France nature environment (FNE), criticized provisions of the bill aimed at streamlining procedures. The development of renewables must be done “in compliance with public consultation procedures and environmental law”, they plead. The government finally withdrew one of the criticized articles on Wednesday. France Énergie Éolienne, for its part, judges that this text can ultimately contribute to installing renewables in the landscape, in particular by reducing the electricity bill for residents living near parks, or by planning offshore wind power by seafront for a longer-term vision. But to accelerate in the immediate future, the sector is counting above all on a recent circular asking the prefects to “facilitate the processing” of files. Because onshore wind developers have seen authorizations collapse for three years, taking France a little further away from its objectives. In a context of tight electricity supply and unavailability of part of the nuclear fleet, wind , solar and methanisation will be until 2025 “the only means of producing additional megawatt hours”, argue their representatives. In 2021, renewables provided 24% of electricity production (hydraulic, wind, solar, bioenergy), nuclear 69%, and fossil fuels 7%. With AFP
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