Sexually transmitted infections grow 84% in 5 years –

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) grow 84 percent in 5 years, led by HIV, chlamydia and gonococcal infections, according to the results obtained through the anonymized database ‘THIN’ of the company Cegedim Health Data Spain . Specifically, HIV increased by 343 percent, chlamydia by 140 percent, gonococcal infections by 71 percent, genital herpes by 59 percent, human papillomavirus (HPV) by 45 percent, and syphilis by 43 percent. Of the sexually transmitted infections analyzed, the only ones that presented a decrease in diagnoses in the analyzed period are hepatitis B, C and D, exactly 19 percent. Going into more detail, the average age is 47 years and only in this analyzed period, STIs have increased more among men, almost doubling the diagnoses among women. Likewise, men represented 65 percent of the total, while the figure for women decreased to 35 percent. “These figures confirm the need to continue impacting from an early age and throughout our sexual life with educational campaigns that advocate the prevention of these infections and diseases. In the age of overinformation, the increase in these diagnoses in sexually transmitted infections is alarming. sexual character, when many of them are preventable with actions as simple as the use of condoms or knowing the risk practices to reduce this possibility as much as possible”, said the medical director of Cegedim Health Data Spain, Carlos Iglesias. Analyzing the last five years the figures obtained through ‘THIN’, of the total of STI diagnoses, HIV represented 42 percent, hepatitis B, C and D 26 percent, genital herpes 14.5 percent, syphilis 8 percent, gonococcal diseases accounted for 4.5 percent, HPV 2.5 percent, and chlamydia 2.5 percent. Regarding the mean age of diagnosis, significant differences were seen between STIs. From youngest to oldest, chlamydia stands at an average age of 32 years, followed by HPV and gonococcal diseases with an average of 36 and 37 years respectively or genital herpes at 38 years. Already in the forties, the appearance of syphilis (45 years) or HIV (48 years) is more frequent. Finally, the diagnosis of the group of hepatitis B, C and D usually occurs around 54 years of age. By sex, there is a great difference in diagnoses depending on which STI is involved. HPV (85%), genital herpes (63%) or chlamydia (59%) is more detected in them, while syphilis (80%), HIV (76%), gonococcal infections (72%) or Hepatitis B, C and D (62%) are more frequent in the male gender. “Reviewing these data, it is clear that there is still much to be done in terms of sexual education. In addition, we must look further, since many of these infections carry a series of comorbidities and consequences that directly impact people’s health and, consequently, in the health system”, Iglesias has settled.