With Harvard in first place for the 20th consecutive year, American universities are still at the top of the Shanghai ranking published on Monday, in which four French establishments remain in the top 100. Anglo-Saxon establishments impose themselves as last year in the first ten places: eight American and two British universities occupy the top of the 2022 edition of this world ranking of the best higher education institutions, produced since 2003 by the independent firm Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. once again his compatriot Stanford. This year, another American university, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), took third place on the podium, relegating Britain’s Cambridge to fourth. Then there are the American universities Berkeley (5th) and Princeton (6th) then the British Oxford (7th). A total of 39 American universities are in the top 100. Paris-Saclay down slightly The first non-Anglo-Saxon institution with its 16th place, the University of Paris-Saclay lost three places compared to the 2021 ranking. Three others French universities are among the 100 best in the world, having also fallen a few places compared to last year: PSL University (Paris Science and Letters), which brings together several higher education establishments including the Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS) , in 40th place, the Sorbonne (43rd) and the University of Paris Cité (78th). “3rd place in the world” for France “As in 2021, four (French) establishments are ranked in the Top 100, including three in the Top 50”, notes the Ministry of Higher Education and Research in a press release Monday morning. “The ranking of the University of Paris-Saclay as the 16th world university” allows France to “maintain for the 3rd consecutive year its 3rd place in the world, based on the number of establishments in the Top 20”, adds- he. A ranking that “illustrates France’s scientific influence internationally”. Six criteria taken into account Minister Sylvie Retailleau “welcomes the move to the upper tier of the universities of Toulouse 3 Paul Sabatier (201-300), Lille (301-400) , Paris-Est Créteil (801-900) and INSA Toulouse (701-800) as well as taking into account the new perimeters of experimental public establishments (EPE), including those created in 2022 (University of Montpellier, University of Lille and Nantes University)”, in the press release. The Minister also underlines that the eight universities appearing in the Top 200 “are all labeled IdEx (Initiatives of Excellence) or ISITE (Initiatives Science-Innovation-Territories-Economy)” .The Shanghai ranking takes into account six criteria, including the number of Nobel and Fields medals – considered the Nobel of mathematics – among graduate students and professors, the number of highly cited researchers in their disciplin e or the number of publications in the journals Science and Nature. This year, more than 2,500 establishments were examined to establish a ranking of the first 1,000.
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