Rollers, water-repellent treatment, drying… This Friday, August 12, motorists took turns at an Eni station in Lyon. However, the prefecture has explicitly banned car washing since Wednesday because almost the entire department is on drought alert. “If I had known (that it was forbidden), I would not have done it, but not knowing it, I don’t think I committed a crime,” explained Robert, retired. Washing bans have affected a growing share of the 10,000 stations in France in recent years, and they have multiplied during this historically dry summer. The only exception is that stations that reuse water in an almost closed circuit sometimes have the right to remain open. They remain extremely rare: most reprocess the water in tanks before throwing it into the sewer. “I can’t forbid people to come” In fact, most stations remain open. In Pierre-Bénite, near Lyon, a station posted that washing was reserved for emergency vehicles, such as ambulances. “Afterwards, I can’t forbid people to come […] I’m not a policeman, ”says the station manager, Eric Marcoccia. TotalEnergies, the sector leader with 1,000 stations, was unable to specify how many of them were closed, the situation being “evolving”. But a spokeswoman stressed that they had all been made aware of the prefectural decrees. There is a “cacophony” at the level of the prefectures, with different measures according to the departments, explains Jean-Luc Cottet, operator of washing centers in the Paris region and representative of the sector at Mobilians, which brings together automotive professionals. An ambiguous situation At the entrance to Auxerre (Yonne), Jean-Claude, 50, passes his Renault Mégane between the rollers of a Total station. “Anyway, we know we’re going straight into the wall!” And we, consumers, are being asked to make an effort”. It is also difficult to know if the station has a recycling system. Some 40 km further south in the same department, the Auchan d’Avallon hypermarket has closed its car wash while the Cousin, the small river that crosses the city, is at its lowest. According to its director, the owner of the establishment plans to set up a water recycling system to remain open for the coming summers. “It’s a bit ambiguous as a situation and not comfortable for the operators. People are asked not to wash their vehicles anymore,” laments Mr. Cottet, who fears that the stations will have to close several months a year. 0.6% of the water consumed in France In total, 0.6% of the water consumed in France is used for washing cars, of which a third in stations, with an average of six washes per car and per year. A high-pressure jet wash consumes an average of 60 liters of water, or a very long shower. A portico consumes 120 liters and a washing tunnel 160. “If we prevent them from going to the stations, car addicts will wash them at home. And it pollutes and consumes water,” argues Jean-Luc Cottet. It is forbidden to wash your car with plenty of water on the public highway, under penalty of a fine of 450 €. In his yard or garden, he is limited, with the obligation to collect dirty water. “Ecological” washing stations A total of 5,650 checks have been carried out to enforce drought-related measures since the beginning of the summer, all sectors combined, with 163 fines and around twenty criminal proceedings, according to the Ministry of Ecological Transition. And all the police, municipal and gendarmerie services are authorized to crack down. However, Jean-Luc Cottet insists on the “ecological” role of the washing stations, which collect 48,000 tonnes of sludge each year, loaded with toxic residues. According to him, the profession is adapting, especially in the face of competition from dry cleaning: this one, much more expensive, uses chemicals on dozens of wipes which must then be washed… with water. chevron_leftchevron_right
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