NewsWorldPolio resurgence worries health authorities from London to Israel

Polio resurgence worries health authorities from London to Israel

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Experts believe that the Covid and the loss of habit to fight against this disease, almost eradicated, are responsible for the reappearance of poliomyelitis.HEALTH – There were only six known cases in the world in 2021, but poliomyelitis has not yet been completely eradicated. Worse, in this summer of 2022, “polio” made a comeback in several places around the world, from Israel to New York. So much so that the local health authorities find themselves forced to take measures in the face of this threat which weighs above all on young children. As a reminder, poliomyelitis is an extremely contagious disease which invades the nervous system to the point of causing, in the worst cases, total paralysis in just a few hours. The virus enters the body at the time of ingestion of contaminated water or food and can cause death when paralysis affects the respiratory muscles. A terrible disease that has been known for centuries, but which cannot be treated once that she managed to infect an individual. The only solution is prevention and therefore vaccination, which over the past thirty years has almost completely eradicated the infection in the world thanks to the efforts of national governments, NGOs and international bodies such as UNICEF and the WHO.First case since 1989 in IsraelWhile a plan has been drawn up to eradicate polio globally by 2026, the disease has made a remarkable comeback this year. For the first time in more than 30 years, it was first in Israel that a case was detected in early March. It was a four-year-old boy who had not been vaccinated. Although the disease has been eradicated in the country, the systematic vaccination strategy has gradually been relaxed, and some of the children have stopped receive the two protective doses of the vaccine. From Jerusalem, where the first case was detected, then gradually to the whole country, a national vaccination strategy was therefore put in place in the spring.Read more“With the exception of one child” who was asymptomatic, the Israeli authorities clarified that the other positive cases (nine in total) were not fully vaccinated. In addition, traces of the virus have been found in the sewers of several cities across the country, leading health authorities to lead such a massive response. it was the United States that in turn detected a case of paralyzing poliomyelitis in New York State. The disease had not been detected in the country for almost a decade. According to local health authorities, the person who was infected had been in contact with an individual who had received an oral vaccine which is no longer used. in the United States since the year 2000, which makes them say that he had to come “from a place outside” the country. Indeed, this type of vaccine, if it protects the person who ingests it, can cause contamination in individuals in contact with it who are not protected. These contaminations, which do not make you sick, can nevertheless allow the virus to mutate before infecting new people. The contaminated young man went to the hospital after the paralysis of one of his legs and subsequently, traces of the poliovirus were found in various samples of wastewater before other positive cases were detected. Consequently, the health authorities have reiterated the need to be vaccinated. Little Londoners urged to get vaccinated Finally, in London, all children aged 1 to 9 years will be offered a booster shot of the polio vaccine after detection of the polio vaccine. virus in sewage in several districts of the capital. This is the second control of this type after a first alert in June in a wastewater treatment plant. While the virus was eradicated in 2003 across the Channel, the idea of ​​the local authorities is to protect at better children before a first positive case is confirmed. It should also be noted that the British are cooperating with Israel and the United States in particular to trace a possible link between the various contaminations of recent months. For the United Kingdom and the United States, as for Australia where two cases of diphtheria were screened after 100 years of absence from the disease, health experts, particularly on the side of the WHO, believe that the Covid pandemic has played a significant role. The remoteness of the school environment where vaccination is encouraged, the overcrowding of hospitals, the disinformation having targeted vaccines as well as a relaxation of practices in the face of diseases which had practically disappeared are incriminated as having allowed the resurgence of these viruses. In this regard, the WHO explains that the proportion of children who received the three doses of the vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis (DTP) fell from 86% in 2019 to only 81% in 2021. This vaccine is used as a key indicator of vaccination coverage worldwide. And the fall in vaccination is therefore indicative of a global relaxation. Read also: What if the eradication of polio was only a mirage? Between London and Lagos in Nigeria, he travels 13,000 km on a motorcycle for the fight against poliomyelitisVIDEO – Health Book – Dr Christian Recchia: “Between 11 and 16 years old, this medical appointment is absolutely crucial”

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