By Le Figaro with AFP Posted 4 hours ago, Updated 4 hours ago The secretary general of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad movement, Ziyad Nakhaleh, during a meeting with the Iranian president on 5 August. WANA NEWS AGENCY / REUTERS FOCUS – The Palestinian organization is supported by Iran and considered close to the Islamist movement Hamas. Targeted by Israeli strikes in the Gaza Strip since Friday, the Islamic jihad, founded in 1981, is an organization Palestinian engaged in the armed struggle against Israel. Created by students from the Islamic University of Gaza, it is considered close to the Islamist movement Hamas, in power in the Palestinian enclave since 2007. The two groups, supported by Iran, which is the number one enemy of Israel, are linked to the movement of the Muslim Brotherhood, a brotherhood established in Egypt in the 20th century. Islamic Jihad works mainly in Gaza, but the group is also present in the West Bank, a Palestinian territory occupied since 1967 by the Jewish state. Tehran got stronger. “The leader of the Islamic jihad (Ziad al-Nakhala) is in Tehran as we speak,” Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid said on Friday, as his country bombarded Gaza in a “preemptive attack” against the armed group, for fear of reprisals after the arrest in the West Bank of one of its leaders a few days earlier. General Hossein Salami, head of the Revolutionary Guards, the ideological army of the Islamic Republic of Iran, affirmed Saturday to the leader of the Islamic Jihad that the Palestinians were “not alone” in their fight against Israel. Suicide bombings In 1992, the armed wing of the Islamic Jihad, the Al-Quds Brigades, was founded. The organization was led by Fathi Chakaki until 1995, when this writer and doctor was assassinated in Malta by a team sent by the Israeli foreign intelligence services, the Mossad. Considered a terrorist organization by Israel, the United States and the European Union, the Islamic jihad claimed responsibility for several suicide attacks targeting Israelis, especially during the second Intifada (Palestinian uprising, 2000-2005). In particular, he carried out a suicide attack in 1989 against a bus linking Tel Aviv to Jerusalem which left 16 dead. radical are currently based in Damascus, Syria. Islamic Jihad opposes any negotiation with Israel and rejects the Oslo Accords, signed by the Palestinian Authority and the Jewish State in 1993. Although the organization regularly coordinates its actions with Hamas, the current escalation proves some independence Hamas has not fired rockets into Israel since the outbreak of violence began on Friday, like in 2019 when Islamic Jihad and Israel exchanged deadly fire for several days following the death of a commander of the Islamist group in an Israeli operation, Baha Abou Al-Ata. He was the leader of the organization in northern Gaza. His successor in this post, Tayssir Al-Jabari, was killed in an Israeli raid on Friday.
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