Two cases of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (FHCC) have been confirmed last July in two men residing in the Leon region of El Bierzo, according to a report published on the website of the Ministry of Health and prepared by the Center Coordination of Health Alerts and Emergencies. According to the report, the first diagnostic case was that of a 49-year-old hunter with a history of tick bites of the Hyalomma variety, which transmits the disease, who began to feel symptoms in the past July 12 and that at the moment he is in a stable situation after being admitted to a hospital in the Basque Country. The second case, which has now been made known, is that of another 51-year-old man, who was retrospectively diagnosed on July, after having died on June 19 of an unknown cause with suspected poisoning by sulfur compounds. After death and after performing various tests, it was determined that he had died p or Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fevers. The CCHF virus is mainly transmitted by ticks of the Hyalomma genus and person-to-person transmission can also occur through contact with the blood or secretions of a sick person. Health Alerts and Emergencies also points out that studies have been carried out on ticks and wild and domestic animals to find out the extent of circulation, having been detected in large areas of Castilla y León, Castilla-La Mancha, Extremadura, and Andalucía. recently in animal serology studies carried out in Galicia and Catalonia. Until 2021, only 10 cases had been detected in Spain prevalence of antibodies against the virus in wild and domestic animals in the serological studies carried out, in which the around 1-2%. Until 2021, only 10 cases had been detected in Spain and the detection of these two new cases grouped over time and in a specific geographic area considered low risk, where another case had also been detected in 2021 , justifies the rapid risk assessment carried out by the Center for Coordination of Health Alerts and Emergencies. On the other hand, the Center has requested to intensify public health measures in areas with the presence of the virus, especially in the area where they have recently been detected cases, emphasizing the recommendations to the population for the prevention and management of tick bites, active and passive surveillance of cases, and entomological study and study of virus circulation in animals and humans.
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