The central government approved this past Monday a series of measures to help save energy. Among them, is the limitation of the use of air conditioning and heating in shops, hotels and surfaces. Initially, the limit has been set at 27 degrees, and the heating at 19. However, the measure has undergone modifications and has been made more flexible. The Minister for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge, Teresa Ribera, has specified that bars and restaurants can limit the use of air conditioning to “around 25 degrees”, taking into account the recommendations of labor legislation, compared to 27 degrees contemplated by the royal decree on energy saving and efficiency measures approved by the Government. In this sense, Ribera has clarified that 27 degrees will be applied “flexibly” and has given as an example that nightclubs, kitchens and gyms need a different temperature than other spaces such as a bookstore. “You cannot ask workers who are in conditions of important physical exercise not to have the conditions that labor law guarantees with respect to the maximum and minimum temperatures.” For this reason, businesses and establishments must justify when they do not apply the temperature limit in the thermostat, a flexibility incorporated in the decree law to protect the occupational health rights of their workers. THE SHOPS Be that as it may, the measure is going to make Navarran establishments revise their thermostats. Between anger and mistrust, many of the workers and managers of the shops expressed their disagreement and reservations about the new measure. In the Coviran on Estafeta street, the measures have not yet been implemented, since the air system is being conditioned for it. While this is happening, Sara Cristina Ome Trujillo, a supermarket worker, places a small fan near her during her day and two other large ones scattered around the store. Ome thinks that 27 degrees is an unbearable temperature, and she laughs, resignedly, that the fan will most likely “not move from where it is” once they have adjusted the air system. Sara Cristina Ome Trujillo uses fans to get through the day. Iñaki Porto The Zarranz textile store on Estafeta street does not have air conditioning, since they ensure that the store stays cool on its own. However, they fear for the measure during the winter. Maite Etxearte, a shop assistant, comments that normally the heating is not set at more than 21 or 22 degrees “at most” and that they keep the door closed to save as much as possible. “Those two degrees of difference are going to be noticeable, 19 degrees is very cold,” she said, especially for a store where customers have to change to try on clothes. Arantxa Luren, is the owner and worker of the Niza bar, one of the types of premises that are sensitive to adhering to the exception of the norm. Even so, she denounced the lack of cohesion that exists in the measure. “They cut those of us who consume the least, while they are not aware of other large expenses because they benefit them.” Luren recalls that those responsible for most of the energy expenditure are the large surfaces along with the luxuries of the wealthiest, and not small businesses. Given the measure, he doubts whether he will comply with it, especially during these hot days, since he assures that he must look “for the client and for his workers”, who in the end are the ones who move the most and suffer the most from discharges. temperatures. Until now they tried to put it as little as possible and keep the doors of the bar open. Arantxa plans to continue refreshing the environment in this way. For her part, the bar customers commented that while the air measurement seems more bearable in Navarra and its climate, it will be much harder to cope with the heating limitation. Especially for people who work unemployed. During the hottest months, you also have to pay attention to the pace of work and Ribera differentiated this past Friday between sedentary jobs, such as working in an office, and those that are more active, such as working in a restaurant, which do not require environmental conditions. In short, the restrictions on the use of energy have raised all kinds of opinions: while some are resigned and understand the need for the measures, others are not so convinced of their legality or effectiveness.
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