NewsWorldAn Amnesty report accuses kyiv of war crimes for...

An Amnesty report accuses kyiv of war crimes for putting its population at risk – EL ESPAÑOL

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The image of a pregnant woman covered in rubble and blood and lying on a stretcher staring blankly outside a Mariupol hospital is still a symbol of the horror of the war in Ukraine today. The photograph, which she went around the world in March, remains evidence of the cruelty with which Putin’s soldiers have deliberately attacked the Ukrainian civilian population. A violation of international humanitarian law (IHL) that the Ukrainian Army would also have committed, according to Amnesty International in a report published this Thursday. The NGO accuses Zelenski’s forces of “endangering the civilian population” by frequently operating in residential areas, including schools and hospitals, to stop the Russian advance. “We have documented a pattern in which Ukrainian forces endanger civilians and violate the laws of war when operating in populated areas,” said Agnès Callamard, secretary general of the organization, who also reminded kyiv that ” being in a defensive position does not exempt one from respecting international humanitarian law”. Ukrainian emergency workers and volunteers carry an injured pregnant woman from the maternity hospital destroyed by shelling in Mariupol, Ukraine, on March 9. Evgeniy Maloletka GTRES The evidence was collected between April and July by an Amnesty International team that spent several weeks investigating attacks by the Russian army in the Kharkov, Donbas and Mykolaiv regions. After interviewing survivors, witnesses and relatives of victims, and carrying out weapons analysis, Amnesty International concluded that Russia had committed war crimes. This is the case in Bucha, where, when liberating the city, the Ukrainian forces found the streets blocked by tanks and strewn with the bodies of civilians that had accumulated for days.
[Al menos 8 muertos en un ataque ruso contra una parada de autobús en una ciudad de Donetsk]
In most of the big emplacements there was no sign of the kyiv armed forces. However, “in 19 towns and villages” in those regions, the NGO claims to have found evidence that Ukrainian soldiers “had launched attacks from populated residential areas” and had “established themselves in civilian buildings” several kilometers from the lines of front. All without asking the civilian population to evacuate neighboring buildings and without “effectively warning of a possible attack.” This action violates some of the basic principles contained in the Geneva Convention on the protection of the civilian population. Specifically, the obligation to “take all possible precautions when attacking military objectives or when locating such objectives, in order to avoid or minimize incidental civilian loss and damage”. Attacks from residential areas In this sense, the Amnesty International document collects the testimony of a Ukrainian woman who lost her son during a rocket attack in June in a town south of Mykolaiv. “The military were in a house next to ours and my son often brought food to the soldiers. I begged him several times that he stay away because he feared for his safety,” she begins. “The soldiers were in a house next to ours and my son often brought food to the soldiers” “That afternoon, when the attack occurred, my son was in the patio of our house. He died instantly. His body was torn to shreds. Our house was partially destroyed,” the victim’s relative said, according to the report. Other testimony collected by the organization also attests to military activity in residential areas. “I don’t understand why our army fires from the cities and not from the countryside,” laments a resident of the Lisichansk neighborhood, bombed on numerous occasions. Bases in hospitals and schools The laws of war also oblige both parties to the conflict “to protect and respect civilian hospitals.” Also “to ensure that these are as far as possible from military objectives.” Some obligations that, according to Amnesty International, the Ukrainian army would have ignored. And it is that according to the investigation, the Ukrainian forces used hospitals as de facto military bases in at least five places. “In two cities, dozens of soldiers rested, spent time and had their meals in hospitals, while in another city soldiers fired from the vicinity of the health center,” the document states. A baby cart on the ground after a Russian bombing, GTRES And a specific attack is cited: that of April 28. That day, a Russian missile wounded two people working in a medical laboratory in a Kharkov suburb, where Ukrainian troops had established a base on the premises. In the more than 160 days of war, the Kremlin’s army has attacked numerous schools and universities. And in some of those educational centers the Ukrainian soldiers had established military settlements. This is what the humanitarian organization maintains, which claims to have found signs of “current or past” military activity in cities and towns in the Donbas and Mykolaiv area. These violations, however, “in no way justify Russia’s indiscriminate attacks, which have caused the death and injury of countless civilians,” the document said. And it specifies that “many of the Russian attacks” have been carried out with “inherently indiscriminate” weapons, including cluster munitions, which are prohibited. Russia-Ukraine War Follow the topics that interest you

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