NewsWorldThe High Council for the Climate fears that France...

The High Council for the Climate fears that France will not reach its objectives for 2030

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Published on: 06/30/2022 – 01:20 France’s action to reduce its greenhouse gases and meet its climate commitments is “insufficient”, considers the High Council for the Climate in its annual report published Thursday. It warns of the “major risks” of not achieving the objectives for 2030. A “jump in climate action in France” is called for. Despite a downward trend in emissions, France’s climate action is still “insufficient” to achieve the 2030 objectives, the High Council for Climate (HCC) judged on Wednesday June 29. The annual report of the HCC, an independent authority which, since its creation by Emmanuel Macron, has highlighted each year the state’s “insufficient” response to global warming. The latter is making its growing impacts felt in France with an increase in heat waves, droughts or extreme rains. “Congratulations for what has been done so far. Now, we really have to change levels, we need a leap into action climate”, summarizes for AFP its president, climatologist Corinne Le Quéré. A necessary start because “major risks of not achieving the objectives set by France for the reduction of greenhouse gases persist”, underlines the text. And “all the more important” in the context of the war in Ukraine as it “would make it possible to reduce France’s strong dependence on imports of fossil fuels and mineral fertilizers”. Positive measures, but a reduction in emissions “modest” France has committed to reducing its emissions by 40% by 2030 compared to 1990. With this in mind, the National Low Carbon Strategy (SNBC) sets emission ceilings but the first “carbon budget “2015-2018 has been exceeded. And the government has raised the ceilings for 2019-2023, effectively postponing the effort to be made. In this context, over the 2019-2021 period, despite a “partial rebound” in 2021 with the post-Covid recovery, 1.7% allows to stay under the planned carbon budget, but “mainly” due to the pandemic and the raising of the ceilings, notes the HCC. The report notes however positive measures, in particular new rules of energy performance of buildings new or the development of low-carbon energies in agriculture. And for the first time in 2021, emissions from all major sectors are down (compared to 2019, excluding the Covid rebound), although for agriculture and transport this recent decrease “remains to be confirmed”. decade 2010-2019, emissions fell by 1.9% per year on average, leading to a drop of 23.1% in 2021 compared to 1990. A “modest” reduction trajectory, and below the European average, notes the HCC. And still far from the 2030 objective which will be reinforced by the new EU climate plan providing for a reduction in European emissions of at least 55%. France’s new target should thus be -50% by 2030, according to the HCC and the government. achieve a 4.7% reduction in emissions per year”, insists Corinne Le Quéré. That is a reduction of 16 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent per year on average, compared to 8 million per year over the last decade. The SNBC, which is about to be revised, only foresees a reduction of 12 Mt eqCO2 per year (-3.2% per year on average). Prime Minister is now directly responsible for ecological planning, and recommends in particular, to make this planning “operational”, a multi-annual programming of climate financing. To provide “necessary visibility for businesses, households, public actors who will implement the transition”, underlines Benoît Leguet, member of the HCC. The report also pleads for a “strong restructuring” of the forest-wood sector, worrying about a significant degradation of French forests, carbon sinks essential to hope to achieve neutrality carbon in 2050. Their storage capacities fell between 2013 and 2019, before recovering in 2020, absorbing over the period 60% less than anticipated by the SNBC. With AFP

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