The institute is preparing in July, in the face of galloping inflation, to raise its interest rates for the first time in eleven years, once it has ended its debt purchases on the market. Christine Lagarde, June 16, 2022, in Luxembourg ( AFP / JOHN THYS ) The European Central Bank will go “as far as necessary” to fight against “excessively high” inflation which should remain so “for some time yet” in euro zone, its president warned on Tuesday 28 June. Christine Lagarde, who was speaking at the opening of the institute’s annual forum in southern Portugal, in Sintra, sees in the current inflation shock “a great challenge for our monetary policy”, she declared before an audience of central bankers and economists. The ECB’s ultimate objective is to bring inflation back to a level close to 2%, while the aggregate peaked at more than 8% in May in the euro zone and could rise further in June, according to figures expected on Friday . The prospect of a significant rise in rates has raised the risk of a debt crisis in the euro zone, with growing interest rate differentials demanded of the States of Northern and Southern Europe to borrow and finance their deficits. The ECB has recently had to do its utmost to reassure investors by announcing preparations for a new “anti-fragmentation instrument” to smooth out the notorious spreads, the rate differentials between countries benefiting from good borrowing conditions and the others . This new instrument “must be effective, while being proportionate and containing sufficient safeguards to maintain the momentum of member states towards a sound budgetary policy”, indicated Ms Lagarde on Tuesday. Preventing the spreads between sovereign borrowing rates is a prerequisite for the proper transmission of monetary policy in all nineteen countries of the euro zone. Graph showing the monthly evolution of inflation in the euro zone since Eurostat’s estimates began in 1997 ( AFP / ) Only in this context will it be possible “for rates to rise as much as necessary”, said the former managing director of the IMF. But the ECB is faced with a dilemma because raising its rates too abruptly could plunge the euro zone into recession, especially since the institute has already significantly lowered its growth forecasts for the next two years. “But we still expect positive growth rates” due to domestic support for the economy, assured the Frenchwoman. The ECB does not want to be the only actor to act in the storm, which is why the governments responsible for budgetary policy “must play their part in reducing the risks”. And this, by providing targeted and temporary support” to the economy, while keeping in view the “viability” of their public finances, concluded Christine Lagarde.
Welcome! Log into your account
Recover your password
A password will be e-mailed to you.