It is a historic moment. From Matignon to the presidency of parliamentary opposition groups, passing through that of the majority group and perhaps the perch of the National Assembly, women politicians have acceded to the highest offices of the Republic at the outcome of these laws. However, the presence of deputies at the Palais-Bourbon is declining. One was recently chosen by the majority to lead his parliamentary group, the other is his candidate to chair the Hemicycle from the top of the “perch”. Aurore Bergé and Yaël Braun-Pivet form, with Elisabeth Borne at Matignon, a trio of women in power, such an alignment – which has yet to materialize with the election of Yaël Braun-Pivet as President of the National Assembly on Tuesday – constituting a first. Although weakened after the legislative elections, and already unloved in public opinion, Elisabeth Borne, second woman at the head of a government after Edith Cresson thirty years ago, was “confirmed” on Saturday by Emmanuel Macron “in the time”. Aurore Bergé was elected last Wednesday at the age of 35 as president of the Renaissance deputies (ex-LaREM). This is the first time under the Fifth Republic that a woman has become the patroness of the majority group in the Assembly. Yaël Braun-Pivet, via a vote of all the deputies. The member elected in the Yvelines is in any case the candidate designated for this function by the majority, certainly relative. She would then succeed Richard Ferrand, a close friend of Emmanuel Macron defeated at the polls. A novice in politics in 2017 and bombarded president of the Law Commission at the Palais Bourbon at the time, the 51-year-old elected official only remained Minister for Overseas for a month. She left the government this weekend with a view to the perch. Re-elected deputy for Yvelines on June 19, she took advantage of a window of opportunity to present herself on Wednesday to an internal primary for the presidency of the Assembly, the outweighing another former commission chairman (the one dedicated to Economic Affairs) LaREM, Roland Lescure. Crisis solution This sudden promotion of women to these key functions inspired Laurence Rossignol, former Socialist Minister for Women’s Rights, to repeat a sentence to Simone de Beauvoir.”It will therefore be enough for a crisis … to let women go up in the fire”, she tweeted. For the outgoing majority MP Valérie Petit, it is of the “Glass Cliff Effect” or “glass cliff effect”, or “the overrepresentation of women in positions of power in times of acute crisis”. Those who are usually unaware of their talent say to themselves ‘We have tried everything, something we would never have imagined: let’s name a woman'”, he said. The statement on Twitter. These victories also have the appearance of revenge on the trials for incompetence or the ambient sexism in the Assembly. “Some deputies were able to say to me ‘Do not be your school teacher’, or ‘Thank you for your almost maternal reflections'”, reported in 2019 in Elle Yaël Braun-Pivet, lawyer by profession and mother of a large family. A transparent reference to comments made by MP LR – recently re-elected under the colors of “Ensemble” – Robin Réda during a committee meeting in January 2018. Promotions for a trompe-l’oeil? The feminization of the The Assembly, with a record of some 39% of female deputies in 2017, however had “a lot of effects”, still noted Yaël Braun-Pivet to AFP a few weeks ago. “De facto, certain sexist behaviors have disappeared and women are speaking out more.” But the accession of female figures to these high responsibilities of the State is accompanied by an arithmetic decline. Because the proportion of female deputies declined slightly with the last legislative elections, dropping to 37%.” The fault both of the RN which presented many women in constituencies lost in advance, and of LR whose feminism has not never been the cup of tea”, explains to AFP the political scientist Mariette Sineau, co-author of Women and Republic. And the push of rebellious France, which had invested slightly more women than men, “did not not enough” to reverse the trend. “This decline in the number of women in the Assembly hurts,” says researcher Marlène Coulomb-Gully. According to this specialist in gender issues, “something must change radically if we want to make political involvement desirable for women”, in particular working hours. She hopes, however, that “the agenda, the priority of the type of questions” – “care”, childhood, seniors, rather than the sovereign – can “be influenced by an assembly where the number of women is relatively high even if it is decreasing, and where women occupy decision-making positions”. This is the case of rebellious France which renewed Mathilde Panot the head of its contingent in the National Assembly, a position in which she had replaced Jean-Luc Mélenchon during the previous legislature, and of the National Rally with Marine Le Pen. Finally , Cyrielle Chatelain co-directs the environmental group, alongside Julien Bayou.
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