The American company Zap Energy has created a unique reactor working with nuclear fusion, which will also fit into a regular garage. Compared to classic tokamaks, it is much simpler and also cheaper, informs Interesting Engineering. Our dependence on fossil fuels can drive away much sooner than many people think. They complicate the whole construction, but Zap Energy circumvents this method using Z-pinch technology, he explains in a press release. Instead of expensive magnetic coils and shields, these small reactors use electromagnetic fields, which compress the plasma into the very small and hot space needed to start the fusion reaction. It’s a technology that scientists began to think about in the 1950s: “Z-pinch has long been a tempting method of achieving nuclear fusion, but scientists have long considered the instability of Z-pinch plasma to be an insurmountable challenge. Both by simulation and by experiment, we have shown that the cut flows can stabilize the plasma and that this stability should be transformed to a commercially usable scale, “says Zap Energy. Lasers will also help Another method of thermonuclear fusion with great commercial potential is reactors with extremely powerful lasers. For example, the startup Marvel Fusion is working on them, whose devices do not need as extreme cooling as tokamaks. They dispel old fears The instability just mentioned is one of the reasons why scientists are primarily concerned with toroidal chambers with a more stable plasma. In 2019, however, scientists found that the use of sheared axial flow softens the plasma flow and thus prevents instability. One of the scientists involved in this experiment is Uri Shumlak, who founded Zap Energy in 2017 for research purposes. cut axial flows and the use of this method in Z-pinch technology. The company is on the right track and in the FuZE-Q experimental reactor it managed to create plasma for the first time, writes NewAtlas. Zap EnergyThe higher the current used by the reactor, the hotter and hotter the plasma will be in its core. Last year, the company reached the limit of its old hardware, which is 500,000 amps (A) and is preparing to test a new system with a maximum current of 650,000 A. FuZE-Q is calculated to be ready to produce as much energy as the reactor needed to operation. Classic tokamaks have a problem with this to this day. In the future, Zap Energy wants to build a reactor capable of producing ten times the input energy operating with a current of 1 MA (million amperes) and later putting commercial reactors with a current of 1.5 to 2 MA. In the third round of financing, the company raised another $ 160 million and expects to be among the first to enter the market. Thank you for reading Fonts. If you have a perception or found an error in the article, write to us at [email protected]
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