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The European Union gives the green light for the candidacies of Ukraine and Moldova – France Bleu

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It was a decision eagerly awaited by the Ukrainian authorities. The leaders of the Twenty-Seven recognized Thursday in Ukraine and Moldova the status of candidate for the European Union, announced in the evening the President of the European Council Charles Michel, evoking a “historic moment”, almost four months after the invasion launched by the Russian army. The EU summit was devoted to granting candidate status to the two countries. “Historic moment”, “very strong signal vis-à-vis Russia” Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky immediately hailed on Twitter “a unique and historic moment in Ukraine-EU relations”, affirming that, according to him, “the Ukraine’s future lies within the EU”. This is a “very strong signal vis-à-vis Russia”, said French President Emmanuel Macron. He hailed “a political gesture” from “a strong and united Europe”, during a press conference in Brussels. To display this Twitter content, you must accept Social Network cookies. These cookies allow you to share or react directly on the social networks to which you are connected or to integrate content originally posted on these social networks. They also allow social networks to use your visits to our sites and applications for the purposes of personalization and advertising targeting. I authorize Manage my choices A decision above all symbolic This green light was hardly a surprise anymore. On June 16, during his trip to kyiv with his Italian, German and Romanian counterparts, French President Emmanuel Macron spoke to Volodymyr Zelensky to say: “All four of us support the status of immediate candidate for membership ” of the European Union. The following day, the European Commission gave a favorable opinion on Ukraine’s candidacy and again on Tuesday, France, which holds the rotating presidency of the Council of the EU, indicated that a “total consensus” between the Twenty -Seven had emerged on this issue. But it is above all a symbolic decision because the process of joining the European Union is very long. Several Western Balkan countries are still in the European antechamber, some for more than ten years: North Macedonia has been a candidate since 2005, Montenegro since 2010, Serbia since 2012 and Albania since 2014. Bosnia -Herzegovina and Kosovo, which is not recognized by five EU members, are still only “potential candidates”. A fact that Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama ironically recalled on Thursday: “North Macedonia has been a candidate for 17 years, if I haven’t lost count, and Albania for eight years, so welcome to Ukraine”. “Accession will take a long time,” Belgian Prime Minister Alexander De Croo confirmed. Ukraine and Moldova will indeed have to carry out reforms in the fight against corruption and the independence of justice before an initial assessment by the end of the year. “Any country that meets the criteria for membership can apply. These criteria, known as the ‘Copenhagen criteria’, concern a functioning market economy, stable democracy and the rule of law, as well as the adoption of all European legislation, including the euro” recalls the European Union on its site. Belonging to “the European family” In addition, “it is very difficult to imagine enlargement as long as Ukraine is at war,” said political scientist Hendrik Vos, from the University of Ghent in Belgium, interviewed by AFP. Before opening accession negotiations, there must be some form of conflict resolution”. The express review of kyiv’s candidacy, submitted in February, was indeed unprecedentedly rapid, justified by the war. Beyond the political and economic benefits, the acceptance of his candidacy has a dimension of belonging to the “European family” which protects its members. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has in fact constantly repeated that his country belongs to the “European family”. This also opens up for Ukraine the question of its membership of Defense Europe, while the French and German leaders have pledged to continue their military support for kyiv. In any case, Ukraine said it was “ready” to work to become a “full member” of the Union, assured Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky.

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