THE ESSENTIALThe Twenty-Seven are looking into Ukraine’s application for membership of the European Union on Thursday, a highly symbolic milestone nearly four months after its invasion by the Russian army. Meanwhile, Russian forces continue to tighten their grip in the Donbass on the twin towns of Lysytchansk and Severodonetsk. EuropeanThe European executive issued a favorable opinion on Ukraine’s candidacy a few days agoGerman Chancellor Olaf Scholz called on Wednesday from Berlin to set up “a Marshall plan”The food crisis will claim “millions of victims” due to infectious diseases Over 150 cultural sites have been damaged or destroyed actively that we fight for a positive decision of the European Union on the candidacy of Ukraine, we fight daily to obtain li real modern weapons”, hammered Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky on Wednesday evening, who must participate virtually in the summit of the European Council in Brussels. “We are awaiting a key European decision in the evening”, specified the one who did not for weeks constantly repeating that his former Soviet republic belongs to the “European family”. He was to continue his “telephone marathon” with European leaders on Thursday to secure a consensus in favor of yes. The European executive has issued a favorable opinion on Ukraine’s candidacy He can count on the support of the President of the European Commission , Ursula von der Leyen, who called on European leaders to “rise to the occasion” by acceding to Kiev’s request. The European executive also issued a favorable opinion a few days ago on the candidacy of Ukraine and on Tuesday, France, which holds the rotating presidency of the Council of the EU, indicated that a “total consensus” between the Twenty-Seven had emerged on this question. “Lyssytchansk is under the fire of artillery fire and air attacks”, according to the last point Wednesday evening of Serguiï Gaïdaï, the governor of the region of Lugansk. “They want to destroy all of Donbass, step by step. Entirely. Lysytchansk, Sloviansk, Kramatorsk… They want to transform all the cities into Mariupol”, a city martyred by the war, President Zelensky declared on the night of Wednesday to Thursday. .The two cities of Lyssytchansk and Severodonetsk are a key step for the Russians in their plan to conquer the entire Donbass, a mainly Russian-speaking basin and partly held by pro-Russian separatists since 2014. In Lyssytchansk, an AFP team saw Ukrainian soldiers digging a trench to serve as a firing post on a central street on Wednesday, and erecting barricades with barbed wire and branches. Kharkiv emptied of its inhabitants Further north, Kharkiv, the second city of Ukraine, held by the Ukrainians and bombarded daily, the streets seemed emptied of their inhabitants on Wednesday, according to another AFP team on the spot. “So many people have left. There are only grannies left”, testifies Roman Pohuliay, 19, pink Hello Kitty sweatshirt and diamond in his ear, in a street of this city located 50 km from the Russian border. And Two grain storage terminals were hit by Russian shelling on Wednesday in the port city of Mykolaiv, Ukraine, their operators told AFP. “The occupiers hit Mykolaiv, with seven missiles,” confirmed President Zelensky, in his last video message overnight from Wednesday to Thursday, reporting five injuries. According to the American Institute for the Study of War ( ISW), Russian forces have presumably retaken the eastern bank of the Inhoulets River, located between Mykolaiv, still held by the Ukrainians, and Kherson, further east, occupied by the Russians. The ports of Mykolaiv and Odessa are blocked since the beginning of the conflict, which paralyzes the maritime transport of agricultural raw materials, the main export route for Ukraine until then. The German chancellor calls for the establishment of a “Marshall plan” The European summit must be followed another from the G7 and a third from NATO, in which US President Joe Biden will participate. The question of financial aid to kyiv should be at the heart of the discussions of these three meetings. The G7 summit in Germany this weekend will produce “a set of concrete proposals to increase pressure on Russia and show our collective support for Ukraine,” a senior White House official promised on Wednesday. The White House stressed that Volodymyr Zelensky would intervene, virtually, during these two meetings. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz called on Wednesday from Berlin to set up “a Marshall plan” for the reconstruction of Ukraine, with a budget billions of euros. In addition, the journalists’ defense organization Reporters Without Borders (RSF) will file a complaint with the International Criminal Court (ICC) after its publication on Wednesday of an investigation according to which the Ukrainian photoreporter Maks Levin and a soldier who accompanied him were “executed”, and probably tortured, by Russian soldiers in March. Food crisis will claim “millions of victims” due to infectious diseases millions of victims by making large populations more vulnerable to infectious diseases, at the risk of triggering a new health crisis, warned the head of u Global Fund, an organization that fights AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. The Russian blockade of Ukrainian Black Sea ports has halted grain exports from the world’s 4th largest exporter of wheat and corn, threatening the food supply of many countries. However, these food shortages risk leading not only to famines but also to weakening the resistance of populations exposed to infectious diseases due to deficient nutrition, underlined Peter Sands, executive director of the More than 150 cultural sites damaged or destroyed More than 150 cultural sites have been partially or totally destroyed in nearly four months of war in Ukraine, the United Nations Science Organization announced on Thursday. education and culture (Unesco). “According to the verifications carried out by its experts, 152 cultural sites have been partially or totally destroyed due to the fighting, including 70 religious buildings, 30 historic buildings, 18 cultural centers, 15 monuments, 12 museums and 7 libraries”, indicates Unesco in a press release. Three regions have concentrated three-quarters of the damage since February 24, the date of the start of the Russian invasion: those of Donetsk (45 sites affected), Kharkiv (40) and kyiv (26), specifies the organization UN.
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