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Public health experts want to ban the breeding of these pets: They transmit smallpox! – Topky.sk

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According to new guidelines from the European Center for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC), due to the spread of smallpox, guidelines for banning rodents such as hamsters or piglets could apply throughout the UK, the Daily Mail reports. It is rodents that have been identified as carriers of the virus in West and Central Africa. The number of cases of the rare virus in humans in the United Kingdom has risen to more than 70 in recent days. The paradox is that in Europe, smallpox virus could be transmitted to animals by people who came from Africa. “Rodents and especially species of the family Sciuridae (squirrels) are probably the most suitable hosts for the smallpox virus, spreading faster than among humans. Among other things, transmission from humans to (domestic) animals is theoretically possible. Such spreads may lead to the virus will settle in European wildlife and the disease will become endemic and zoonotic, “said ECDC. Zoonoses are defined as diseases and infections that are naturally transmitted between humans and vertebrates. Photo gallery (3) Source: Getty Images According to experts, interspecific spread of the virus is currently very low. National health authorities should work with veterinarians to ensure sufficient testing capacity for swabs and quarantine of domestic animals exposed to smallpox. Household rodents should be isolated in monitored facilities and retested before the end of quarantine. They should only be spent in case of insufficient testing and isolation capacity. Pets, such as cats and dogs, can be isolated at home if there is a suitable outdoor area available and a veterinarian can examine them. Possible transfer from Spain The ECDC report came after a British tourist was suspected of having smallpox in the Canary Islands in the Fuerteventura region. Paramedics confirmed that the man was one of five suspected cases in the region. He is the first British citizen to be associated with the smallpox virus in Spain. Spain has so far confirmed about 40 cases of smallpox monkeys, saying another 67 people are testing. The outbreaks were seen in a gay sauna in Madrid and at a festival in Gran Canaria, attended by 80,000 people from Britain and other European countries. Spain is currently one of the most affected countries. Pandemic not yet threatened The smallpox epidemic in Britain has almost tripled, with authorities confirming another 37 cases. In the last two weeks, more than 57 new cases have been added to the British Isles. Authorities have described the epidemic, which has hit gay and bisexual people in particular, as worrying, but so far the risk to the British population remains low. According to them, the spread of the virus can be stopped, but it must be done as soon as possible, otherwise it will become endemic (permanent infestation of a certain area or region). Photo gallery (3) Gay Pride in Tel Aviv
Source: SITA / AP Photo / Sebastian Scheiner Epidemiologist Maria Van Kerkhove of the WHO said that “we want to stop human-to-human transmission. In non-endemic areas, this is manageable. But we cannot ignore what is happening in other countries.” This month, the smallpox virus was recorded in sixteen countries, including the United States, Australia, Canada, Spain, Austria and the Czech Republic. Until this global outbreak, the virus was detected in only four countries outside West or Central Africa. “Nevertheless, it is still a manageable situation. Especially when we talk about the countries in Europe and North America where we are monitoring the virus. We are in a situation where we can use public health tools such as isolation. We can stop human-to-human transmission, “Van Kerkh added. Not yet mutated The smallpox is transmitted through close physical contact. To date, no patient has experienced a serious course of the disease. “It is not yet known whether the virus has mutated to become more transmissible. On the other hand, viruses from a wider group of orthopoxviruses do not tend to mutate, most of them stable. We do not yet have any evidence that the smallpox virus mutated,” added Rosamund Lewis. , which specializes in smallpox within the WHO.

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