NewsWorldANALYSIS | Gun control laws are stalled in...

ANALYSIS | Gun control laws are stalled in the US Congress and that won’t change anytime soon.

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‘Pathetic!’: NBA coach slams Sen. McConnell after Texas massacre 2:51 (CNN) — Tuesday’s shooting at a Texas elementary school, which left at least 19 children and two adults dead, is another instance in a tragedy that is unique to the United States. The shooting is the latest entry in the long history of gun violence in the United States. Before Tuesday, in 2022 there had been at least 39 shootings in schools, institutes and universities, resulting in at least 10 deaths and 51 injuries. Although proposals to overhaul gun control laws — such as bans on assault weapons or high-capacity magazines — face major difficulties at the federal level, there are some areas of bipartisan agreement. Whether that is enough to break the congressional deadlock remains to be seen. Here’s what you need to know about what’s being considered in Congress and where it stands. Closing Loopholes A bill passed by the House of Representatives, HR 1446, backed by Democratic Rep. Jim Clyburn of South Carolina, would close what is known as the “Charleston loophole,” which allows some sales of licensed weapons are made before the required background check is done. What we know about the Uvalde, Texas elementary school massacre 6:59 Specifically, the legislation would increase the time, from three to a minimum of 10 business days, that a federal firearms license holder must wait to receive a complete background check before transferring a firearm to an unlicensed person. Taking advantage of that loophole, a white man was able to legally purchase a firearm to kill nine people at a historically black church in Charleston, South Carolina, in 2015. Democrats in the Senate took action Tuesday night to put the bill on hold. called the Background Checks Enhancement Act of 2021, on the legislative calendar so it can be voted on. It’s unclear when the Senate will vote on the measure, but it needs 60 votes in the chamber to overcome a possible stalling maneuver — known as filibustering — by opponents, and it’s clear the legislation doesn’t have that support (at least not right now). ), nor does he have full Democratic support to scrap the Senate rule entirely. It is unclear when Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer will attempt to force a procedural vote to break the filibustering. Unless there is an agreement of all 100 senators, the earliest the procedural vote could be set would be this Saturday, according to a Democratic adviser. What would be the angle of the Texas massacre investigation? 2:11 But senators are expected to go into recess for Memorial Day this Thursday afternoon. So they may wait until after the recess to hold that procedural vote, even though leaving town in the midst of the Texas tragedy would be frowned upon. The adviser said Schumer has not yet indicated when he will try to force the vote. However, Democratic Sen. Richard Blumenthal of Connecticut, who has pushed gun control legislation since the Sandy Hook shooting in his state nearly 10 years ago, told reporters Tuesday that there should be a vote even if he is sentenced to death. failure. “I think we need to hold every member of Congress accountable and vote so that the public knows where each of us stands,” he said. Asked about the possibility of a bipartisan agreement, he added: “I think there may be areas of agreement. I have come close to an agreement with several of my colleagues on a red flag statute.” Even bills with bipartisan support fail to pass the Senate Another bill, HR 8, for the Bipartisan Background Checks Act of 2021, would expand background checks for all firearms sales or transfers in the country. Currently, background checks are not required for gun sales and transfers by private, unlicensed sellers. Texas shooting revives gun control debate 2:00 The legislation has bipartisan support and passed the House of Representatives last year on a 227-203 vote. Eight Republicans supported the bill and one Democrat voted against it. Asked Tuesday about this broader House-passed background check measure, Democratic Sen. Joe Manchin of West Virginia referred to his own narrower effort in the Senate, saying, “If you can’t pass Manchin-Toomey, how are you going to get enough votes for anything?” In 2013, Manchin and Republican Sen. Pat Toomey of Pennsylvania pushed for a negotiated bill that would have required background checks on all commercial gun sales (including private sales at gun shows and all Internet sales). , but would have allowed individuals to sell their firearms to family, friends and other acquaintances without background checks. This project was not approved due to the Senate’s filibustering rules (where debates can be delayed indefinitely, and can only be avoided, to go to the vote, with the vote of at least 60 members), despite the fact that it had the support of the majority. The 5 Deadliest Shootings in US History 1:03 The vote was 54-46, with four Republicans joining a majority of Democrats in support. Then-Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid cast a negative vote to ensure he could bring the measure up again. Four other Democrats voted against the bill. Manchin has continued to push versions of that legislation in recent years. Republicans will argue that background checks undermine gun rights and will ultimately nullify it. “The Democrats and a lot of people in the media have as an immediate solution to try to restrict the constitutional rights of law-abiding citizens,” Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, told reporters on Tuesday. The GOP will also argue that the bills won’t stop all shootings. This is true. The details of each shooting are different. We still don’t know if any of these laws would have stopped Tuesday’s attacker, identified by Texas authorities as Salvador Ramos. For now, each state has variations on the rules. Most of the action on gun control is taking place at the state level because Washington is frozen on the issue, as it is on so many others. Filibusterism, again Democrats argue that this intransigence means that the rules of the Senate must change. There are many issues that Republicans will block Democrats on: limiting gun rights, expanding voting rights, addressing climate change, reversing tax cuts, and others. Calls to end filibustering will continue to grow. Violent weekend in the US: there were six shootings 7:46 Until all Democrats agree, it will not be possible to end filibustering. Manchin supports gun control measures like the one he has sponsored. But he is more committed to upholding the Senate rules, which currently require 60 votes to advance legislation. “Filibusting is the only thing that keeps us from total insanity,” Manchin said Tuesday. Other Democrats, such as Arizona Sen. Kyrsten Sinema, also support keeping the filibuster. A simple majority would be needed to create a new precedent under Senate rules. In particular, after Sinema tweeted that she was “horrified and heartbroken” by Tuesday’s shooting, Rep. Ruben Gallego, a likely challenger in the 2024 primary, criticized her for supporting filibustering. “Unless she’s willing to break filibuster to pass sensible gun control measures, she might as well say ‘I’m so sorry,'” he tweeted. But for now, either the Democrats agree to end the filibustering, or the Republicans must start supporting gun control measures in greater numbers. Until then, there will be no new federal gun laws. Biden Calls on Lawmakers to Be Courageous President Joe Biden addressed the shooting in an emotional remarks from the White House Tuesday night, saying, “I was hoping that when I became president I wouldn’t have to do this again.” Father of Parkland victim reacts to massacre of children in Uvalde, Texas 1:29 Returning to the subject of gun control legislation, Biden implored lawmakers to “turn this pain into action” as he reviewed some of the mass shootings since the 2012 massacre at Sandy Hook, when he was vice president. “Why do we keep letting this happen? In God’s name, where is our courage to stand up and stand up to lobbyists?” he said. Vice President Kamala Harris said in earlier remarks Tuesday that “enough is enough.” “Our hearts continue to be broken … Every time a tragedy like this happens, our hearts are broken and our broken hearts are nothing compared to the broken hearts of those families. And yet it continues to happen,” she said. However, throughout the day the same political positions as always emerged. Republican Sen. Thom Tillis of North Carolina warned Democrats not to have a “thoughtful reaction,” saying he hoped it would be known in the coming days that there were “indications” that the 18-year-old attacker I was in danger”. “It’s horrible. And what we have to avoid is the reflexive reaction that we have to say that all this could be solved by not having weapons in anyone’s hands. We can always talk about reasonable measures, but we also have to talk about a better understanding of the situation,” Tillis told CNN. With information from Manu Raju, Morgan Rimmer, Zachary B. Wolf, Ali Zaslav, and Ted Barrett.

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