(Related video) Global fertility: how does it affect the world economy? 3:09 (CNN) — Early speculation that the Covid-19 pandemic could lead to a skyrocketing birth rate wasn’t so true: Early data shows more of a decline in newborns. And, also, the worsening of the rates in some adverse results. After a sharp drop during the first year of the pandemic, US birth rates rose only slightly in 2021, according to provisional data released Tuesday by the National Center for Health Statistics at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Disease Prevention (CDC). This was the first time in seven years that the birth rate increased in the United States. Before that, births were declining an average of 2% a year since 2014, including a two-fold drop between 2019 and 2020. Nearly 3.7 million babies were born in the US during 2021, which is roughly 46,000 more than those born in 2020. But, the 1% increase puts the figure below 2019 levels. The drop in the birth rate during 2020, the year the pandemic began, was one of the largest in decades, and the slight increase in 2021 “doesn’t necessarily mean that downward trend is over,” said Beth Jarosz, a demographer and director of programs for the Population Reference Bureau, a nonprofit organization that focuses on child welfare. Delayed pregnancies or changes in access to birth control may have influenced 2021 birth rates, she said. And she added that: “2020 was a very strange year.” “I’m always a bit skeptical about a single year [de datos]. But, in this case, you would really need to see what happens in 2022 to try to suggest that that’s some kind of rebound or trend,” she said. Although birth rates increased for white and Hispanic women in 2021, they decreased for black women. , Asian, and Native Americans. Overall, cesarean delivery rates—including those for low-risk deliveries—continued to trend upwards, with nearly one-third (32%) of all deliveries and more than one-fourth (26% ) of low-risk deliveries were cesarean sections. Rates of preterm birth also increased in 2021. About 10.5% of babies were born at less than 37 weeks gestation. This is the highest rate since at least 2007. C-section rates and preterm births were disproportionately high for black women, interim data show.”When a pregnant woman is under a lot of stress, that can lead to an increase in preterm births. And clearly, there was a lot of stress in 2020 and 2021,” Jarosz said. Some research has also linked Covid-19 infection during pregnancy with an increased risk of preterm birth. Teen birth rates hit another record low across the country, with about 14 births per 1,000 women between the ages of 15 and 19. But, birth rates increased for all age groups over 25, especially those between 35 and 39. The average age of mothers at birth has been on the rise for at least a decade, and while the average age of mothers is not yet available for 2021, preliminary data shows that more than half of births were to mothers in their 30s. or older, up from 49% in 2020.
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