It is a shame for the Slovak Republic that the introduction of Michal Kováč Jr. is still unresolved. abroad. Juraj Šeliga (For People), a Member of the Slovak Republic, stated this at the beginning of Monday’s meeting of the Constitutional Law Committee of the National Council of the Slovak Republic. The topic of the committee meeting was the so-called Mečiar’s amnesty. Since their annulment, not a single court hearing has taken place in this case at the Bratislava III District Court. The Minister of Justice Mária Kolíková (nom. SaS), Special Prosecutor Daniel Lipšic and the Chairman of the Judicial Council Ján Mazák also took part in the committee’s deliberations. The court turned to the Court of Justice of the European Union The head of the Ministry of Justice emphasized that this case is traumatic for the whole society. She explained that the case had already been indicted in 2000. “This means that 22 years ago the case was indicted. Then, in 2001, the proceedings were stopped before Mečiar’s amnesty, “she continued, saying that they were annulled in 2017. Subsequently, the district court turned to the Court of Justice of the European Union with a preliminary question whether the court can act in this case when the proceedings have already been stopped. The European Court ruled on the matter in December last year. Complications of starting a hearing “Since the whole proceedings started in 2000, decisions are made according to the old criminal code and this means the need for jurors. With regard to the high level of secrecy here, it is necessary for the participants to have the same high level of secrecy, “Kolíková explained. It is this fact that complicates the opening of the hearing, as the court does not have any members of the people who have sufficient scrutiny. It takes about six months to obtain an inspection from the National Security Office. Mazák does not see room for the adoption of the law At the same time, the Minister believes that the conditions for such a degree of secrecy in the matter do not exist. “I asked the director of the Slovak Information Service to reconsider the level of secrecy. I believe that the conditions are not set for him to insist that there should be such a high degree of secrecy, “she added. According to Kolíková, there is also a possibility that the prosecutor’s office would withdraw the case and re-file the indictment. Then the case would be conducted according to a new process and there would be no need for jurors. The President of the Judicial Council of the Slovak Republic, Ján Mazák, does not see room for the adoption of a law that would resolve the situation at the Bratislava III District Court. “The general principle of criminal procedure applies. It must always be assessed according to the criminal law regulations that were in force here, at the time the act was committed, “he added. He proposes to create optimal conditions for the district court to be able to deal with the prosecution. Unknown perpetrators forcibly introduced Michal Kováč Jr. to Austria on 31 August 1995. Shortly after the act, there were reports that the secret service was supposed to take part in it. The then Prime Minister Vladimír Mečiar, as deputy president, granted an amnesty to the perpetrators of the abduction in 1998. It also covered criminal offenses committed in connection with the announcement of Kováč’s introduction abroad. Any attempts to punish the perpetrators of the abduction ended prematurely due to the amnesties granted. The turning point came in 2017. Deputies approved an amendment to the constitution, according to which parliament was given the power to cancel amnesties and pardons if they contradict the principles of a democratic and rule of law. The next step was the adoption of a resolution on the abolition of Mečiar’s amnesties, as well as the pardon that President Michal Kováč granted to his son in the Technopol case.
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