NewsWorldTen years after independence, South Sudan celebrates dark anniversary

Ten years after independence, South Sudan celebrates dark anniversary

-

Published on :

South Sudanese President Riek Machar is due to deliver a speech on Friday morning on the occasion of the ten years of the independence of his country which remains plagued by violence, corruption and humanitarian urgency. An anniversary that the population is called to celebrate in private, officially because of the Covid-19.

South Sudan joyfully celebrates Friday, July 9 its first decade of existence, marked by a bloody civil war that has plunged the youngest country in the world into a cycle of violence and a serious humanitarian crisis.

South Sudan officially became the 193rd state in the world on July 9, 2011, after decades of conflict to emancipate itself from northern Sudan. But the jubilation and hope that had engulfed the streets of the capital Juba that evening of 2011 are long gone.

In December 2013, the country sank into a bloody civil war, which in five years left more than 380,000 dead, displaced around 4 million inhabitants – or a third of the population – and which plunged it into a serious humanitarian crisis.

Fragile cohabitation

A peace agreement was officially signed in September 2018 between President Salva Kiir and his rival Riek Machar and the two men rule the country – in a fragile cohabitation. The first as president and the second as vice-president.

But since then, despite its significant oil resources, South Sudan has not moved forward. The situation has even worsened: the country is plagued by community violence, a deep economic crisis marked in particular by galloping inflation and has experienced “the highest levels of food insecurity and malnutrition since independence”, according to the UN.

At least 60% of its population is food insecure, including 108,000 people at risk of famine, according to the World Food Program (WFP).

“The first ten years of the history of this young country have been marked by a lot of suffering,” said Thursday in a statement the United States, Great Britain and Norway, which had sponsored the negotiations, by regretting that “the promise of peace and prosperity represented by independence has not been kept.”

A race and a speech

The country has not officially celebrated its independence since 2014. This year, the authorities ordered that the population celebrate this day in private, officially because of the Covid-19.

President Kiir also invoked on Wednesday international sanctions which he said “impoverish” South Sudan and deprive the state of revenue. “This is why we will not be celebrating the tenth anniversary the way people would have liked,” he said in a Kenyan television interview. He is due to deliver a speech on Friday morning, broadcast on state television and radio.

The only public event planned is a 10 kilometer run in Juba, dubbed the “Great South Sudan Run”.

Initially announced, the very symbolic swearing-in of members of the “reconstituted” Parliament, whose composition had been announced at the end of May, was postponed, without further details. This “reconstitution” of Parliament, according to a composition negotiated between the signatories of the 2018 agreement, is part of a series of measures planned to avoid a new war.

Most of these provisions, including the creation of a “unified” army of forces which clashed during the civil war, have not yet been implemented.

Interethnic violence

Weak institutions, pervasive corruption and growing poverty have notably led to the explosion of inter-ethnic violence and crime in many areas beyond state control.

According to the UN, more than 80% of the civilian victims recorded in 2021 were affected by intercommunal violence or acts of community militias. Aid stocks and humanitarian personnel are also targeted: seven aid workers have been killed this year in the country.

“Almost three years since we welcomed the signing of the agreement, many tasks remain unfinished. The tangible benefits of peace are not being seen by ordinary citizens,” lament the United States, Britain and Norway. For them, “the great challenge facing South Sudan now is to regain the sense of unity, strength and hope that prevailed ten years ago.”

With AFP

1 COMMENT

  1. https://peatix.com/user/8868773
    https://peatix.com/user/8885553
    https://peatix.com/user/8848057
    https://peatix.com/user/8732593
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-hack-football-story-2019-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111132180206775
    https://peatix.com/user/8613859
    https://peatix.com/user/8853115
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-hack-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-99016066694866
    https://peatix.com/user/9052391
    https://peatix.com/user/9045465
    https://peatix.com/user/8888216
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/hack-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111016823632399
    https://peatix.com/user/8889781
    https://peatix.com/user/9053317
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-hack-hca-prinsessan-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111046624277303
    https://peatix.com/user/9044344
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/hack-modern-sniper-assassin-sniper-3d-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-96043028577887
    https://peatix.com/user/9041899
    https://peatix.com/user/8889608
    https://peatix.com/user/8603557
    https://peatix.com/user/8590528
    https://peatix.com/user/8874759
    https://peatix.com/user/9050538
    https://peatix.com/user/8889566
    https://peatix.com/user/8614998
    https://peatix.com/user/8887484
    https://peatix.com/user/7855250
    https://peatix.com/user/8613708
    https://peatix.com/user/9047251
    https://peatix.com/user/8878886
    https://peatix.com/user/8884052
    https://peatix.com/user/9051661
    https://peatix.com/user/8887480
    https://peatix.com/user/9047986
    https://peatix.com/user/8873089
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111052220687261
    https://peatix.com/user/8612149
    https://peatix.com/user/8838243
    https://peatix.com/user/7856964
    https://peatix.com/user/8891153
    https://peatix.com/user/9044404
    https://peatix.com/user/8895046
    https://peatix.com/user/9043450
    https://peatix.com/user/9049896
    https://peatix.com/user/8611367
    https://peatix.com/user/8894231
    https://peatix.com/user/8869824
    https://peatix.com/user/8870005
    https://peatix.com/user/8860421
    https://peatix.com/user/9050725
    https://peatix.com/user/8868258
    https://peatix.com/user/9048536
    https://peatix.com/user/8868701
    https://peatix.com/user/9052710
    https://peatix.com/user/8734391
    https://peatix.com/user/8598899
    https://peatix.com/user/8888146
    https://peatix.com/user/8587464
    https://peatix.com/user/8884266
    https://peatix.com/user/8869309
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-hack-flying-copter-army-rescue-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111179851228516
    https://peatix.com/user/8847655
    https://peatix.com/user/7855112
    https://peatix.com/user/8610179
    https://peatix.com/user/8884745
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-hack-dream-wedding-planner-game-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-96076658877153
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-hack-fast-knife-shooter-2-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-99010525352572
    https://peatix.com/user/7855424
    https://peatix.com/user/8871846
    https://peatix.com/user/8867498
    https://peatix.com/user/7856783
    https://peatix.com/user/8891658
    https://peatix.com/user/8893195
    https://peatix.com/user/9047460
    https://peatix.com/user/9047881
    https://peatix.com/user/8869033
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-hack-aprenda-a-pintar-animais-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111163693598991
    https://peatix.com/user/8838587
    https://peatix.com/user/8836477
    https://peatix.com/user/9052633
    https://peatix.com/user/8852049
    https://peatix.com/user/9048012
    https://peatix.com/user/8895337
    https://peatix.com/user/9051114
    https://peatix.com/user/7857061
    https://peatix.com/user/8885405
    https://peatix.com/user/8846084
    https://peatix.com/user/8859270
    https://peatix.com/user/8892483
    https://peatix.com/user/8599381
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-flying-bat-survival-simulator-3d-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-99031081040290
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/update-cube-puzzle-coloe-block-3d-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111132604340469
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/hack-bride-and-groom-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111190019050853
    https://peatix.com/user/8849705
    https://peatix.com/user/7855509
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-109270095284932
    https://peatix.com/user/8885488
    https://peatix.com/user/8867934
    https://peatix.com/user/8864299
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/update-dangerous-basement-rush-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111072869906817
    https://peatix.com/user/8893028
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/update-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111201007836320
    https://peatix.com/user/8610977
    https://peatix.com/user/9050919
    https://peatix.com/user/8608304
    https://peatix.com/user/8837747
    https://peatix.com/user/8611729
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/hack-pixel-prison-runner-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-99011678906377
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-moto-cross-dirtbike-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-99036283097683
    https://peatix.com/user/8881695
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-hack-vihainen-haiden-hyokkayssimula-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111083682809254
    https://peatix.com/user/8735257
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/hack-selfie-queen-star-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-96085147803702
    https://peatix.com/user/8849437
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/update-light-a-way-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111023832201937
    https://peatix.com/user/8876547
    https://peatix.com/user/8888900
    https://peatix.com/user/8863689
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/update-skydning-terrorangreb-spil-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111198694167384
    https://peatix.com/user/8887381
    https://peatix.com/user/8896006
    https://peatix.com/user/9050184
    https://peatix.com/user/8893395
    https://peatix.com/user/8848162
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-jogger-game-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111105082002938
    https://peatix.com/user/8875946
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-a-volkswagen-leva-te-ao-euro-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111067192448126
    https://peatix.com/user/8866389
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/update-love-story-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-96085489735972
    https://peatix.com/user/9046062
    https://peatix.com/user/8883792
    https://peatix.com/user/9052428
    https://peatix.com/user/7860237
    https://peatix.com/user/8851951
    https://peatix.com/user/9048288
    https://peatix.com/user/8595114
    https://peatix.com/user/9052837
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-king-skor-tablosu-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111194169863392
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-wanderer-of-lifetimes-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111168082778324
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-wolf-the-evolution-online-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-96045534848437
    https://peatix.com/user/9051076
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/hack-finger-on-the-screen-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111148801849390
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/update-superstar-smtown-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-96041423928774
    https://peatix.com/user/8600665
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-carro-de-policia-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111089729470876
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-hack-piggy-granny-mod-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111189884184913
    https://peatix.com/user/8594213
    https://peatix.com/user/8852317
    https://peatix.com/user/9041466
    https://peatix.com/user/8599645
    https://peatix.com/user/8609903
    https://peatix.com/user/9053773
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/update-rather-humanity-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111060478001824
    https://peatix.com/user/8885080
    https://peatix.com/user/9048090
    https://peatix.com/user/7859602
    https://peatix.com/user/8883560
    https://peatix.com/user/7854905
    https://peatix.com/user/8605956
    https://peatix.com/user/8869056
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-slam-dunk-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-96041041701044
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/hack-abc-kids-games-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-109245709314304
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-hack-arkanoid-breakbrick-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-109260510022810
    https://peatix.com/user/9049676
    https://peatix.com/user/8836082
    https://peatix.com/user/8579355
    https://peatix.com/user/8591686
    https://peatix.com/user/8589944
    https://peatix.com/user/7857807
    https://peatix.com/user/9044948
    https://peatix.com/user/7854724
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/hack-xtreme-car-driving-racing-simulator-2015-pro-game-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-99038364686678
    https://peatix.com/user/7854604
    https://peatix.com/user/8838631
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-el-mus-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-99002550962987
    https://peatix.com/user/8734069
    https://peatix.com/user/7857328
    https://peatix.com/user/7858512
    https://peatix.com/user/9047978
    https://peatix.com/user/9051089
    https://peatix.com/user/9052828
    https://peatix.com/user/8876527
    https://peatix.com/user/7859276
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/update-trial-xtreme-4-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-96045571224022
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/new-hack-type-race-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111140587681343
    https://peatix.com/user/9046467
    https://peatix.com/user/9052383
    https://peatix.com/user/8586085
    https://peatix.com/user/8612350
    https://peatix.com/user/8864470
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/update-pegz-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-111186293956279
    https://peatix.com/user/8879122
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/hack-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-99029424639776
    https://pagalguy.com/discussions/update-pony-doctor-unlocked-edition-hack-mod-apk-cheats-generator-ios-android-96086111487704
    https://peatix.com/user/9046706
    https://peatix.com/user/8859341
    https://peatix.com/user/9052908
    https://peatix.com/user/9051904
    https://peatix.com/user/8602343
    https://peatix.com/user/8852002

Comments are closed.

Latest news

A video shows the moment a Connecticut man was injured while in police custody. He may never walk again, lawyer says

(CNN) -- A man in police custody hit his head against the wall of a prison van in the...

End of oil-fired boilers, change of surname, restaurant tickets… What changes from July 1 – franceinfo

The approach of summer vacation brings its share of changes. The daily ceiling for restaurant tickets is decreasing...

M5S, Cancelleri: “I’m not leaving, Movimento is my home ”

"I am not leaving the M5S, I helped to found it here in Sicily and it is and will...

Leonardo Del Vecchio, the last words to his son: “The Agordo factory is so beautiful”

"My father was only moved when he talked about his workers. Until the last moment he thought about his...

XV of France – A hinge Lucu-Jalibert, Jolmes holder … The composition of the Blues to face Japan

XV of France - A hinge Lucu-Jalibert, Jolmes holder ... The composition of the Blues to face Japan RugbyramaMatthis...

You might also likeRELATED
Recommended to you