The progress made in recent years on the health front canceled by the pandemic; the severe blow inflicted by the health emergency on the dynamics of the labor market; the high levels of well-being recorded in Lombardy and the reduced percentage of young people who do not work and do not study; the delay with respect to Europe which shows no signs of diminishing. These are some of the food for thought offered by the presentation of Istat’s Bes 2020 Report during the initiative “Fair and sustainable wellbeing: let’s talk about it at Bicocca”, which was held this morning and which was attended by the President of ‘Istat, Gian Carlo Blangiardo, the Rector Giovanna Iannantuoni, the Pro-Rector for Higher Education and for the Job Placement activities Mario Mezzanzanica and the Professor of Methodological Statistics Giorgio Vittadini. President Blangiardo offered a reading of the latest Istat Report on Bes “fair and sustainable wellbeing” in its various dimensions (domains). A new contribution that is based on a set of indicators created in line with the fundamental lines of the #NextGenerationEUe program and which responds to specific cognitive needs, including the enrichment of available information on health aspects, digitization, human capital (both on the training side and on the job side) and on climate change.BES is powered by a system of statistical indicators that have not only constantly guaranteed a qualified monitoring of the well-being conditions of citizens, their determinants and their trends, but they have also progressively won a place at the highest table of political choices. On the occasion of this Bes Report, the sudden change in the context made it necessary to enrich the conceptual framework within which we moved in the collection and processing of statistical data. We have intervened both on the sources, with new questions in the surveys that provide the supporting material, and on the timeliness of updates, with the choice of measures more sensitive to change in the short term. in the profile of well-being in Italy they have been numerous and important: both in the direction of progress and in the persistence of critical areas, even profound ones. The pandemic has represented a slowdown, or even a retreat, in more than one sector. On the other hand, there are positive signs in other sectors. Education has been confirmed as a driving force for well-being. Early school leaving has shown signs of decreasing. The presence of women in decision-making places has made progress, albeit slowly. Crime has been progressively reducing. Some environmental indicators, such as those that monitor waste management, have shown a favorable trend. Compared to the regional detail, promptly provided by the Bes indicators, a complex picture emerges in which Lombardy often witnesses excellence and high levels of well-being in many fields, such as work, social and public participation, economic well-being, innovation and research, the environment, the quality of services. On the other hand, some shadows also emerge, partly associated with the pandemic. The most striking case is that of life expectancy at birth which passes in Lombardy from 83.4 years in 2019 (value above the Italian average of 83.0 years) to 81.2 years in 2020, a value below the national average. . But also many indicators relating to crime and security reveal a more critical position in Lombardy. With specific reference to young people, positive results are observed in the Lombard school system, with low numbers of children who do not reach adequate numerical and literacy skills and, on the other hand, digital skills on average higher. In the subsequent phases, there is an indicator of the passage to the university of young Lombard among the highest in Italy (54.5% compared to an average of 50.4%), a high proportion of 30-34 year-olds with a degree tertiary sector (33.0% compared to 27.8 for Italy), an incidence of graduates in technical-scientific disciplines in line with the average. Furthermore, Lombardy is among the regions with a lower incidence of young people who do not work and do not study – the so-called NEETs – (17.0% compared to a national average of 23.9%). However, it cannot be forgotten that, albeit with results above the national average, the gap with respect to Europe still remains high. ” The Bes indicators – said President Blangiardo – recorded particularly violent impacts on some progress achieved in ten years on the health front, canceled out in just one year. The health emergency has had serious consequences on an already not very dynamic and segmented labor market and has imposed a setback in cultural participation. In this context, citizens’ fears for their future situation are understandably increasing and the share of people who are very satisfied with life remains low. On the good news side, after years of decline, citizens’ interest in civic and political issues and their sensitivity to climate change have shown signs of recovery ”. ” Bes indicators – explained President Blangiardo – have recorded particularly violent impacts on some progress achieved in ten years on the health front, canceled in just one year. The health emergency has had serious consequences on an already not very dynamic and segmented labor market and has imposed a setback in cultural participation. In this context, citizens’ fears about their future situation are understandably increasing. On the good news side, after years of decline, citizens’ interest in civic and political issues and their sensitivity to climate change have shown signs of recovery. ” life, the ability to face the reality that also explains why the growth of wealth had so slowed down even before the pandemic crisis. The BES – said Professor Vittadini – lets Italy’s problems emerge in their radical nature. And it makes us understand why finding economic resources is not enough to deal with them. An increase in public spending will not be enough to recover and European funds from the Next Generation Eu will not be enough. The Bes, however, also contains a nice surprise. In the chapter on subjective well-being he talks about the increase of people who, although worried about their future, are very satisfied with their lives. They are above all people who live social relationships and feel they belong to communities. In other words, an ideal desire for a non-individualistic life re-emerges, to be lived in social realities and in intermediate bodies. ” ‘This work produced by Istat is a very important source of information, which offers the possibility of reflecting on reality situation of the country in all its most significant aspects, summarized in the twelve domains on which the survey focuses. It is possible to draw unsatisfied information on the well-being of people. For this reason, the BES Report – underlined Professor Mezzanzanica – represents an important starting point for reflection for all and support for institutions in order to improve policies and intervention actions ».
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