All of Italy in the yellow zone (restaurants open, free travel – curfew remains from 11pm – and in general less stringent rules) with the impact Rt which has dropped again and the prospect of the passage of some Regions in the white zone shortly. “With the monitoring of” Covid-19 “and” the consequent ordinances “,” Italy will all be in the yellow area “announced yesterday on social media the Minister of Health, Roberto Speranza.” It is the result of the measures adopted so far, of the correct behavior of the vast majority of people and of the vaccination campaign. We continue on this path with confidence, prudence and graduality “, wrote the minister. The new ordinance, based on the data and indications of the control room, will come into force starting from May 24. In the yellow zone, therefore, also the Valle d ‘ Aosta, the only Region currently in the orange zone. In Italy the Rt index fell to 0.78, last week it was 0.86, and this week accelerates the decline in weekly incidence (73 per 100,000 inhabitants (10/05 / 2021-16 / 05/2021) against 103 per 100,000 inhabitants (03/05 / 2021-09 / 05/2021) data flow ISS), according to the monitoring of the Covid-19 control room. The vaccination campaign is progressing faster and faster and the incidence is approaching levels (50 per 100,000) that would allow the containment of new cases. Yesterday 5,218 new infections and 218 deaths were recorded, a figure, as stated Gianni Rezza, director general of Prevention of the Ministry of Health during the press conference on data analysis of the mon itorage of the Covid-19 control room, “due to the recovery of data relating to previous days”. The Covid-19 data “speak for themselves this week. We are just over 5 thousand new positives. So certainly the trend is definitely improving” Rezza underlined. “What is the cause of this improvement? A series of factors – he explained – we have had about 30 million vaccinations and we have 20 million vaccinated with at least one dose. We also have a certain number of people who have immunized along the way, because sick or infected “and then cured” during this year and a half “of the pandemic,” and this leads to an increase in the immune population. And we have also taken important measures in recent months that have helped to decrease the transmission of the infection. ” Therefore, this week’s epidemiological data “inspires us with cautious optimism. The situation is definitely improving but, at the same time, we must continue to monitor it and be inspired by prudent and responsible behavior on the part of the population. As, indeed, it is already happening” Rezza said. “The epidemiological picture of this week is definitely improving” also explained Silvio Brusaferro, president of the Higher Institute of Health (Iss), during the press conference on the analysis of the monitoring data of the Covid control room. 19. “In our country, the combination of the measures adopted and the vaccines means that the Italian curve is configured as absolutely positive at the moment,” said Brusaferro. “Rt this week stands at a value of 0.78 compared to last week’s 0.86. But the most interesting data is that the upper limit is below the level of 1. And this is important,” he pointed out. The figure for employment in the medical areas and intensive care “is decreasing. For intensive care we are at 19% compared to 29% in the previous week. We have gone from 2,056 cases to 1,689 cases, as of May 19. the medical areas went to 19% “. And the 30-day projections are of non-saturation and in any case “they indicate a low risk in all regions”, he concluded. “This week we have the first effective data after the reopening and I would say that it is going well” he commented to Adnkronos Salute Fabrizio Pregliasco, virologist of the State University of Milan. “We hope that it will remain so from the point of view of progression – added the expert – and that the coronavirus really does not follow suit, however, to the greater number of contacts that the openings are causing”. As for the fact that some Regions could soon pass into the white zone, Pregliasco observed: “White really gives the sense of free everyone, so, if it were up to me, for the moment I would just eliminate it. I can seem a bit bad, I know. But the progression is really important and I would avoid the white areas until at least 50% of the vaccinated population has been reached “.” All the parameters are clearly improving, the incidence of new cases is decreasing in all Regions “and” at the moment there is no sign of a turnaround. The combination of vaccinations and summer heat is bearing fruit and at the moment the reopenings have not given any signs of danger. So it seems that we are moving towards a resolution of the Covid problem. We are out of the tunnel “, underlined to Adnkronos Salute Giorgio Sestili, physicist and creator of the Facebook page ‘Coronavirus – Scientific data and analysis’, commenting on the data of an IT alia close to becoming all yellow. What to do to not go back? “We need to continue monitoring with screening – recommended Sestili – then go back to contact tracing, given that the incidence is falling below 50 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants. And then keep an eye on the variants very well”. While Matteo Bassetti, director of the Infectious Diseases Clinic of the San Martino hospital in Genoa and member of the Covid-19 crisis unit of Liguria, replied to what Minister Speranza wrote on social media: “I’m sorry to contradict the Minister of Health Roberto Hope but the benefit in terms of reduction of cases is not linked to closures but is linked to vaccines. Denying it is a mistake. These good results are linked for an 80% linked to immunizations that have made the elderly and frail safe, then 20 % will be linked to the other measures. Here in the hospital where I work in Genoa I register for the third day in a row not even a Covid entrance to the emergency room, which has not occurred since summer 2020 “. “But now we need more courage – added Bassetti – even with initiatives on masks or on avoiding swabs for vaccinated people: we work to remove the obligation of the mask outdoors, starting with the vaccinated. Then whoever wants to can also continue to use it . But we are in a very good situation. I hope – he concluded – that we will soon be able to do everything again: full cinemas and theaters, stadiums with the fans.