In Italy, Covid infections “are swooping” and there has been “in the last 6 weeks a reduction in hospitalizations (-61%) and in the employment of intensive care (-55%)”. This is what the latest report of the Gimbe Foundation on the monitoring of the epidemiological situation in the week 12-18 May shows. Compared to the previous one, there was “a decrease in new cases (43.795 against 63.409) and deaths (1.215 against 1.544). The currently positive cases also decreased (315.308 against 363.859), people in home isolation (302.080 against 346.866), hospitalizations with symptoms (11,539 versus 14,937) and intensive care (1,689 versus 2,056) “, highlights the report. “The reduction of new weekly cases continues – says Nino Cartabellotta, president of the Gimbe Foundation – which demonstrates how the effects obtained thanks to 6 weeks of restrictions are gradually giving way to the first results of the vaccination campaign. However, there is a reduction in tampons ( -15% of people tested compared to the previous week), a sign of a slowdown in testing “. All Regions confirm a downward trend. “Even more clear – says Renata Gili, Head of Research on Health Services of the Gimbe Foundation – the reduction in hospital pressure which reflects the effect of vaccines on the categories most at risk”. All Regions remain under the alert thresholds for both the medical area and intensive care, with a national average of 19% for both. “To date, the strategy of reasoned risk seems to be working: the effects of the restrictions are gradually being replaced by those of vaccines, absorbing the impact of gradual reopening on the epidemiological curve. However, in this phase of the vaccination campaign we must not limit ourselves to chasing numbers with the primary objective of not leaving doses in the fridge, but it is a priority to vaccinate as many as possible quickly over 60 and frail “, underlines Cartabellotta.” Only this strategy will be able to minimize the hospital impact of the resumption of the circulation of the virus, given that ‘testing & tracing’, already abandoned for some time, is in fact also ‘discouraged’ by the new system for assigning colors to Regions. A system strongly conditioned by the incidence of cases which, without defining any minimum test threshold ing, repeats what was already seen in spring 2020: that is, fewer tampons, fewer cases “, adds Cartabellota, underlining that” over 4.5 million people at high risk of hospitalization and death, are still without any vaccination protection, reducing the safety of reopening, albeit gradual “. The calculation detected by President Gimbe is the result of the delayed immunization in the over 60 age groups:” 8.7% of the over 80s (383,473) did not receive even a dose, the percentage rises 21.4% in the 70-79 range (1.277.134) and 38.6% in the 60-69 age group (2.845.236) “, reports the monitoring. “Following the trends in vaccination coverage – explains Renata Gili, head of research on the Health Services of the Gimbe Foundation – if for the over 80s the slowdown began when the percentages had exceeded 80%, for the 70-79 years slowdown are earlier and for that 60-69 coverage rises more slowly “. According to the Gimbe Foundation,” this shows that a mass vaccination cannot rely only on voluntary booking, but must be integrated with other strategies: from the active call to the individual interview to overcome vaccination hesitation; from information campaigns with the involvement of influencers to the so-called ‘gentle push’ “.