The workshop entitled “Housekeepers and carers. The numbers that emerge from the” 2022 Report of the INPS Observatory on Domestic Work in Italy “organized by Nuova Collaborazione, a national association founded in Italy, is being held this morning at the Victoria hotel. Turin in 1969 which represents and protects the interests of domestic employers. On the occasion of the publication of the 2022 Report of the INPS Observatory on Domestic Work in Italy, Giulio Mattioni (Statistical Actuarial Coordination of the INPS Directorate General) – in charge of the report – illustrated the main national data on home helps and carers published by the Institute. “The progressive increase in regular domestic work contracts that emerges from the INPS Observatory is an excellent sign”, commented Alfredo Savia (National President of NC Nuova Collaborazione). “Certainly it is the effects of the long wave of the pandemic and the lockdowns that have stimulated the emergence of the submerged. The situation pushes us to ask the government for greater attention to the sector and to families. Something is also moving thanks to the convinced commitment of Minister Elena Bonetti, who with the Family Act has embarked on a new and more unitary path with respect to interventions for the family. But they are still not enough. We will move soon ”- added Savia -“ to ask the Executive to look at domestic work with foresight, in particular for the deductibility from income of all wages paid to domestic workers and compulsory contributions. It would be a way to intervene on the regularity of employment by also increasing tax revenue “. In 2021 the total number of domestic workers was 961.358, an increase of 2% compared to the previous year, 12% compared to 2019 last year before the pandemic. The increases of the last two years bring employment in domestic work back to 2013 levels after a long period of decline that lasted no less than seven years. There are two reasons for this positive trend: the lockdown which since March 2020 has facilitated the spontaneous emergence of many irregular positions to allow workers (especially Italians) to be able to move to reach the workplace; subsequently the “Relaunch Decree” (DL 34/2020) which from June 2020 regulated the facilitated emergence of irregular employment relationships which mainly concerned foreign workers and in particular non-EU workers. Among the previous regulatory interventions of regularization, those of 2009 (Legislative Decree 78/2009) and 2012 (Legislative Decree 10/2012) had brought employment in domestic work to over 1 million (81% foreigners). A recurring factor is the “physiological” decline that occurs in the years immediately following the emergence measures, explicitly envisaged for employment in domestic work: this depends on the fact that this employment constitutes an opportunity to enter the labor market and then address on other sectors of activity. In fact, after having exceeded one million employees in 2012, from 2013 the number of domestic workers began to decrease and the decrease concerns only foreign workers who in 2021, with 672,609 workers represent 70% of the total. Moreover, even in the last two years, net of the regularized, we will have recorded a trend of contraction. In the same period, Italian domestic workers began to increase, growing by over 40% between 2013 and 2021 and, with 288,749 employed, they now represent 30% of the total (See Figure 1). 2021 confirms the clear prevalence of women, with 816,476 female workers, equal to 84.9% of the total, a lower share than the 88-89% of the years preceding the pandemic. The distribution by age of workers shows that in 2021 over half of workers are 50 or older and only 7% are under the age of 30. In 2009, with an audience of workers of a similar consistency to 2021, the over-50s were just over the age of 30, 24% against 20% (See Graph 2). From 2014-2015 the phenomenon of the aging of the number of domestic workers has accelerated, more or less in the same period in which the number of carers began to grow. The breakdown by type of employment relationship shows that in 2021 the majority part of domestic workers, around 510,000, carry out the activity of home help (53%), while 451,371 domestic workers carry out the activity of caregiver (47%); the trend of rapprochement between the two professional figures that began about ten years ago (in 2012 the share of carers was 36%) has stabilized at 47% in recent years, after reaching its maximum in 2019 (48%), thanks to the progressive aging of the Italian population and with it the need for personal assistance work. North West (30.5%) and Center (26.8%) are the areas with the highest number of workers. In Lombardy, Lazio, Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany, Piedmont and Veneto two thirds of the workers. Rome, Milan and Turin lead the ranking of the provinces. At the territorial level, in 2021 domestic workers work mostly in the North-West, with 293,521 workers (30.5%) and in the Center with just over 257,678 workers (26.8%). The region with the highest number of domestic workers is Lombardy with 184,806 workers, equal to 19.2% of the total; other regions where there is a lot of domestic work are Lazio with 13.5% and then Emilia-Romagna (8.9%), Tuscany (8.5%), Veneto (8%) and Piedmont (7.7%) ). In these six regions of the Center North, 66% of domestic workers in Italy are concentrated. At the provincial level in 2021, the distribution of the number of domestic workers confirms that the three provinces with the highest number of workers are Rome with approximately 115,893 units (12.1% of the total), Milan with over 92,000 units (9.6%) and Turin. with 43,613 workers (4.5%).
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