On the coronavirus emergency in Italy, “I think it is still early to sing victory”. The epidemiologist Stefania Salmaso, interviewed today by the ‘Corriere della Sera’, urges caution. “The weekly incidence in Italy – he explains – is still about 100 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants, almost double the level at which it is believed possible to carry out well the activities of tracing people who have come into contact with the positives and thus interrupt the chains of transmission”. And even if the RT has fallen below the alarm threshold of 1, “the number of cases is decreasing, but we are still on unstable values. The same verdict suggests the index calculated in a different way by the Italian Association of epidemiology, “he points out. The expert recommends maintaining caution even in the hot season: “In the summer there is a tendency to underestimate the risks – he warns – In these periods the probability of contagion in closed rooms is lower”, but “let’s avoid the honeymoon effect”. It happens “when the decrease in the incidence convinces us that we can do without caution and then instead we find ourselves, like last October, grappling with a new wave. In the autumn there will be more vaccinated and so let’s allow ourselves a bit of optimism. Keeping in mind, however, that young people will not be immunized “, recalls Salmaso. As for those who expressed fears about reopening deemed hasty,” it is not a question of alarmism – specifies the epidemiologist – but of being aware of the risks. The danger of a new increase in there was contagion, then the countermeasures and the behavior of most Italians avoided the turnaround. We had a peak of cases among children, which however remained limited and returned “. Salmaso’s vision is “that it is right to reopen progressively and on the basis of the data. I hope that monitoring systems for the contexts in which the infections occur will also be included in the surveillance, in order to intervene in targeted areas”. As for Italy ‘in color’, according to the expert “this system should not be seen as a control tool for the Regions. Each should be the first to feel responsible for promptly calculating its indicators and taking the appropriate countermeasures. algorithms are useful for governing the response to the pandemic also locally. Therefore the Regions should have every interest so that the parameters to be respected are stringent “.