• Sun. Oct 24th, 2021

Iannetti (Siumb): ‘Ultrasound for diagnosis, interventions and screening’

Byeditorial

Oct 14, 2021

“Ultrasound is a refined method that can make very precise diagnoses”, be used in “treatment procedures” of abdominal diseases, but also in “screening”. This was stated by Giovanni Iannetti, president-elect of the Italian Society of Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (Siumb) Precisely to learn more about this, which is among the most prescribed tests for its simplicity of implementation, absence of side effects and low costs, on the occasion of the Ultrasound Day, which is celebrated today 14 October, Siumb ​​has put An Ultrasound Help Desk is available, offering free useful information to those who request it via the dedicated e-mail address [email protected] Ultrasound is an examination that uses ultrasound to obtain diagnostic images of the organs under investigation and any device, to perform an ultrasound examination (ultrasound or echotomograph) is equipped with a probe (transducer) that emits ultrasound beams which, crossing the various tissues of the human body, generate reflected beams that return to the transducer (return echoes). Through ultrasound practices, people can better understand the indications, the usefulness, but also the limits of the method in question. For this reason, Siumb ​​has chosen an exceptional testimonial, Alessandro Preziosi: in an emotional video, available on the FISM YouTube page, she underlines the importance and role of ultrasound, urging participation in the national campaign organized by Siumb, at the within the context of the Medical Scientific Societies adhering to the IMF. “Ultrasound practices have two fundamental roles: to provide a diagnosis of the abdominal organs and to guide interventions, such as to burn liver cancer or treat cysts on the pancreas, kidneys and other internal organs ”, Explains Iannetti. Lately, “ultrasound is also used for sports tendinopathies to guide interventional methods such as cortisone injection,” adds Siumb’s elected president. “In many countries, ultrasound is used for abdominal aortic screening – recalls Iannetti -. In Italy we don’t do it, but as a scientific society we promote it. 50 million tests are performed every year. If a good part reported the situation of the abdominal aorta, it would be a screening. “” There are three novelties in the ultrasound field. ” The most recent is “a real revolution and concerns ultra-portable ultrasound systems, also used in some Usca, the special care continuity units, during the Covid pandemic for the eco-assisted visit and the diagnosis of interstitial pneumonia.” Ultra-portable ultrasound systems are probes that join phones and tablets. “Siumb ​​- underlines the president-elect – is pushing hard on this instrument that can replace the doctor’s hand and stethoscope”. Another novelty, in the studio, concerns “the use of contrast – he continues – for the use of this practice in the oncology field, given the simplicity and low biological cost for the patient of this practice “which is very well tolerated. The latest innovative aspect of the sector is “elastosonography which has an ultrasound sent through the probe that comes back giving an image that measures the hardness of the tissue – explains Iannetti -. It is very useful for detecting nodules that have a certain oncological risk in the thyroid, breast and liver ”. Even if the machine park “is old, the new devices, even those of the medium-low range, are able to perform elastosonography. The probes instead to be attached to smartphones and tablets – continues Iannetti – cost 5,000 euros “. The ultrasound examination” has a great biological advantage for the patient – observes the president-elect of Siumb ​​- because it is easily repeatable even after a short time, since it does not give side effects. Compared to other more complex methods such as CT scan and magnetic resonance, it also has much lower costs. An ultrasound of the liver costs 50 euros, with the contrast 100 euros. For a CT scan with contrast, 600 euros are spent, for an MRI, 1000 euros, but with greater discomfort for the patient ”.