NewsHealthCovid, Agrò (Campus Bio-Medico): "After the pandemic, Italy is...

Covid, Agrò (Campus Bio-Medico): “After the pandemic, Italy is a model for the USA”


“After the pandemic, our vision of care has changed. We have a duty to redesign the global health model, building on the experience gained during the pandemic and with the help of funds from the Recovery Fund.” This was underlined by Felice Eugenio Agrò, full professor and director of the specialization school in anesthesia and resuscitation of the Bio-Medico Campus, in the lectio magistralis held at the conference “How the Covid-19 pandemic has changed our vision of care”, organized by M5S in Senate. “We must reorient health policies to have more universality and equity, more public health, more primary care – remarks Agrò – These objectives are difficult to achieve in a pluralistic health model like the American one, instead they are more achievable in a universal health model like the Italian one. . The new model of global health, where global safety and universality of care come together, can be summarized in 4 principles: integration, financing, resilience, equity. Integration between the prevention system and the care delivery system – he explains – and equity understood as universal access to primary care for citizens of the poorest countries. The protection of health is not only a right enshrined in article 32 of our constitution, but, as Oscar Wilde says, the protection of health is the first duty of life “. “Italy and other countries of the world often see the United States of America as a leading nation to be imitated – he concludes – I can say with Italian pride, without fear of denial, that in the health sector the United States must see Italy as a model of universal public health to be imitated and pursued in the shortest possible time “. In the States, health tourism is increasingly widespread: citizens without health insurance pack their bags and leave for treatment without financially ruining themselves. “In the United States, where health is considered not a right, but a consumer good and where the state does not intervene in the financing of healthcare for citizens, medical tourism was born, the phenomenon for which 45 million Americans, who they cannot take advantage of the health service and who cannot afford health insurance coverage, they go to be treated abroad to spend at least 70% less than US hospital care pricing “, the Agrò picture traces. “For example, a heart valve replacement surgery, which would cost about $ 200,000 in the US, costs about $ 30,000 in India, South Korea or other countries – he explains – with savings of about 85% of American costs, even if it includes the round trip flight and the hotel. The same intervention in Italy costs 90% less than in America, it costs about 20 thousand euros instead of 200 thousand dollars. In Italy, not only health is a sanctioned right by the Constitution but it is provided in safety, quality and appropriateness. Our health system manages to align global health security policies with those of universal health coverage “, he underlines. “Health in a static conception is nothing other than the absence of disease, while in a dynamic conception health is identified as a state of well-being deriving from the balance between the body and the psyche. For the World Health Organization (WHO ) health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being, unfortunately – affirms Agrò – sometimes the psychic and social aspect of health is underestimated. sick people according to the health system models present in the world “. Agrò reviews the “different models of health care organization. The best known are three, the pluralistic model, the mutualistic model and the universalistic one. In a pluralistic health system such as the one existing in the US, health is considered a consumer good . The State does not intervene in the financing of health care, which citizens provide through private health insurance. In America the State is not responsible for the health of the citizen and does not own hospitals, regulating the health services market with management bodies similar to those of other sectors (antitrust, licenses, authorizations). The planning, financing, management and control of health are left to free negotiation between citizens and private structures and the stipulation of health insurance is optional. mutual health system such as that existing in France, Germany, the Netherlands, Canada – Agrò continues – health is always considered a consumer good as in the US, but a guaranteed and regulated consumer good, based on state-regulated mutual aid organizations, whose membership is mandatory. In the mutual health system, the State is responsible for the national health policy, regulating mutuals, making registration compulsory. In the mutual health system, health financing is shared between employers and workers “.” Compared to the pluralistic system of the USA and the mutual aid system of France, Germany, Holland and Canada, in a universal health system such as the one existing in Italy , the good health is not a consumer good, but it is a citizen’s right, sanctioned by article 32 of our Constitution – recalls Agrò – In the Italian universal health system the state is responsible for national health policy, collects funds through general taxation, allocates resources to structures based on health planning and controls the provision of services “. The Covid-19 pandemic” has put a strain on the various models of the health system in 5 continents, noting their limits and shortcomings, but also merits and positivity to comply with the citizen’s right to health in the various states and continents “, he glosses. or these last, long years: “26 months have passed of the fight against Covid-19, months in which doctors, nurses, technicians, cleaners have lived a period steeped in fear, pain, but also with joy and enthusiasm for patients recovered “.


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