In February 2019, following the issue of the decree that instituted the pension reform known as ‘Quota 100’, the Anci estimated that, in 12-18 months, the entry into force of the law would lead to early exit from the Italian municipalities alone of about 50 thousand employees, that is to say more than 10% of the staff then employed by the local administrations. But that estimate turned out to be very far from reality. If we consider the employees of Regions and local autonomies, the applications accepted as at 31 December 2021, in three years, were 32,892 (12,356 women and 20,536 men). Well below, therefore, what was hypothesized only for the Municipalities during the first year. This was highlighted by the Local Authority Studies Center (CSEL), in a dossier created for Adnkronos, which refers to the data released in recent days by INPS and the Parliamentary Budget Office. “In the technical report of decree law 4 of 2019 it was hypothesized that, in the year of fulfillment of the first useful requirements, the propensity for early retirement would have been 70% among public employees”, recalls Csel, specifying that “one of the arguments alleged to support the validity of ‘Quota 100’ is that it would have had a positive impact on the productivity of businesses and administrations “. “In fact – he adds – he would have had to lay the foundations for generational turnover in the labor market, favoring the early exit of subjects who perhaps remain at work wearily, without any more motivation, and therefore with below average productivity rates” . But what went wrong? “Certainly, a determining factor is the impact of this choice on the value of the pension allowance,” says Csel. “On average the members of ‘Quota 100’ – explains Csel – retired 2.3 years earlier than they could have done in the absence of this tool. This choice cost a 3.8% reduction in the amount of the pension due. to private workers, 4.5% for the self-employed and 5.2% for those in the public sector, the most penalized ever. , however, the percentage incidence on the number of employed is among the highest. “Although in absolute terms the public sector employees who have exploited this opportunity are just under a third of the total, if we look at the incidence of these early departures on the number of employees in the sector, the Public Administrations – observes Csel – are those that have been most affected. In the private world, on average 0.4% of the total number of workers took part. adherents stopped at 1.2%, against 1.3 for the public sector and 2.2 for the Regions and local autonomies sector “. “As stated in the Inps-Upb Report – reports Csel – pensions with ‘Quota 100’ have had a significant impact on the employment base of local authorities (2.2%); here we present the evidence for some sectors of the private sector , with the South having the most intense use of ‘Quota 100’ (3.5%), followed by the Center (2%) and then by the North (1.4%) “. “The higher incidence of ‘Quota 100’ on the public employment base compared to the private one – he continues – reflects: the average seniority (the limit of 38 years of contributions is less binding than in the private sector); the amounts of pensions on average higher (with a less significant income effect than in the private sector in the choice of leaving or continuing to work); the advances, compared to the first ordinary requirements, on average lower, which result in lower reductions in pension allowances than in the private sector “.
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