Close the ex Ilva steelworks in Taranto, an ‘eco-monster’ of 15 million square meters, obtained by deleting vineyards, olive groves and farms, more than double the extension of the city of Taranto itself, and reconvert the area: in 30 years it could be dismantled the plants, reclaim the area and start new tourism initiatives while maintaining the same employment levels if not, even increasing them. This is the proposal contained in the Eurispes Report which dedicates a special chapter with the evocative title ‘let’s free Taranto’ to the steel mills owned by the multinational A.Mittal but now co-owned with the State. “Despite the health and environmental emergency and the gradual reduction in the number of employees, the plant continues in its activity, defended with swordplay by those who do not see, or do not want to see, possible alternative solutions”, he writes. And on the day of the awaited sentence of the Council of State which will decide whether to accept or reject the order of the mayor of Taranto to close the area hot, therefore, the Report does not seem to have doubts. “If we consider that today steel can be purchased internationally at prices significantly lower than those required for its production in Taranto, and that in a globalized economy each territory should try to make the most of its assets and resources , there is only one solution: to close the steel mills “, we read. And to those who envisage the impoverishment of the territory and the loss of thousands of jobs, Eurispes points out “that alternative solutions exist: consistently with the long-term strategies of the European Union, with the national energy and climate plans and with the plans for the energy transition, the same resources, financial and human, committed to keep the plant alive, can be used to dismantle the plants, reclaim the territory and return it to its natural vocations “. The Eurispes Report also ventures a forecast on the times of conversion. “According to calculations, albeit approximate (but the Institute has decided to verify through an in-depth analysis the costs and benefits of a possible conversion), it would take about ten years for the first phase, to dismantle the plants, another ten years to reclaim the territory and another ten years to start a series of alternative activities linked to the tourism, services, environment, agriculture sectors, maintaining the same employment levels if not, even increasing them “, he explains, underlining the importance of looking to the future of the former Ilva group “with new lenses”. In fact, he concludes, “a new culture of work and of the territory is needed in order not to hang on to a past of industrial policy that no longer makes sense or prospects. The autarchic reminiscences in steel production are compatible only with the ancient season of “Gunboat policy”, of inauspicious memory “. “We reiterate our proposal: to dismantle Ilva while safeguarding employment” m affirms during the presentation of the Eurispes 2021 report is the president Gian Maria Fara. “It is a project that we must think about thirty years from now to avoid impacts on employment: ten years to dismantle it, ten to reclaim the area and ten years to return Taranto to its natural vocation”, continues Fara. “It is necessary to dismantle all the Frankensteins in the country and I repeat: Ilva is no longer an establishment within the city of Taranto but it is now the city that is locked up inside that establishment”, concludes Fara.
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