There is no technology that holds: human contact is essential at work. And if Apple CEO Tim Cook says it, you have to believe him. In a letter addressed to all employees it is announced that from September the work will return to the presence, at least three days a week. Smart and flexible office, but fixed days: Mondays, Tuesdays and Thursdays for everyone, except for some teams whose work may require a presence of up to four or five days for certain projects. Smartworking on Wednesdays and Fridays, on the other hand, for those who have no specific needs and want to do it: nothing prevents them from returning to attendance all week. In addition, the possibility of requesting two extra weeks of remote work per year, “to be closer to family and loved ones, for a change of scenery, manage unexpected trips or a different reason of your own”, depending on how reads in the email sent by Cook. A particular step for Apple, which had always discouraged remote work, unlike other tech giants. Google, for example, announced in May that it has enabled at least 20% of its workforce to work permanently from home. For his part, Zuckerberg announced that, subject to the approval of their superiors, all Facebook employees will have the opportunity to request smartworking as a stable method even after the Covid emergency has passed. Apple definitely goes against the trend, and instead encourages the return of the “buzz, energy, creativity and collaboration of our face-to-face meetings, along with the sense of community we have built,” as the memo sent to employees reads. The Cupertino brand stands out once again for its “warm” approach to technology, which cannot make up for the human side of relationships. “Despite all the results achieved while we were separated, the truth is that something fundamental was missing” wrote Cook, adding that “if videoconferencing has shortened the distance, there are things that cannot be replaced”. In Italy, the smartworking approach instead liked it more. The Minister for Technological Innovation and Digital Transition Colao says he is extremely positive about an integration between the two worlds, and sees a hybrid future for Italy. “We are facing a mixed work model, without the anguish of going to work very early or not being able to manage the family” he said “but we must not forget the need and importance of socializing and mentoring towards young people. “. In his projects, stimulate companies and universities to find efficient and practicable solutions, arriving at a mix between work in the presence and smart, which takes into account work, social and personal needs, but also the carbon footprint of work. It is estimated that in Italy alone, if half of the public and private employees who carry out office work did it permanently from home (even in shifts), 330 thousand tons of CO2 would be saved every year. of exploitation. If in fact the 2017 law that regulates smartworking defines it as “a way of working without space-time constraints but organized by phases, cycles and objectives. No telework, no rigidity, especially in terms of places of performance and times “, what we have seen in the last year is very different, namely employees who often replicate the 8 hours of work at home as in the office, in inadequate environments, without flexibility of hours and breaks and, by the very nature of “smart” work, with unrecognized overtime, as reported by the unions. At least on the home office side, something can be done: until 31 December 20121 the public or private employee in smartworking can request a bonus of up to 516 euros to set up a work space inside their home.